Mercury

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See also: mercury

English[edit]

Mercury planetary symbol

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English Mercurie, from Latin Mercurius.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈmɝkjəɹi/
  • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Mercury

  1. (astronomy) The planet in the solar system with the closest orbit to the Sun, named after the god; represented by .
  2. (Roman mythology) The Roman god associated with speed, sometimes used as a messenger. He wore winged sandals. Mercury corresponded to the Greek god Hermes.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (astronomy, astrology):

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Solar System in English · Solar System (layout · text)
Star Sun
Planets and
most likely
dwarf planets
Mercury Venus Earth Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto
Notable
moons
Moon Phobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymede
Callisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Iapetus

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Triton Charon
Styx
Nix
Kerberos
Hydra

Noun[edit]

Mercury (plural Mercuries)

  1. (obsolete) A carrier of tidings; a newsboy, a messenger. [16th–19th c.]
  2. Someone who carries messages between lovers; a go-between. [from 17th c.]
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, vol. II, ch. 63:
      His Mercury having made his observations, reported, that there was no body in the coach but Mrs. Hornbeck and an elderly woman, who had all the air of a duenna, and that the servant was not the same footman who had attended them in France.
  3. (dated) A newspaper. [from 17th c.]

Further reading[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for “Mercury” in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


Middle English[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mercury

  1. Alternative form of Mercurie