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Mercury symbol (fixed width).svg
U+263F, ☿
MERCURY

[U+263E]
Miscellaneous Symbols
[U+2640]
Manuscript variant of the symbol
Classical variant of the symbol

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The caduceus of the Roman god Mercury. The cross was added in the 16th century to Christianize the symbol of a pagan god.[1]

Symbol[edit]

  1. (astronomy, astrology) Mercury
  2. (alchemy) mercury, quicksilver (archaic)
  3. (rare) Wednesday (refers to the Latin phrase dies Mercurii, which literally means "Mercury's day")
  4. (botany, of a flower) perfect, hermaphrodite (obsolete)
    (replaced by ):
    • 1961 August 17, New Scientist, volume 11, number 248 (in English), Reed Business Information, ISSN 0262-4079, page 413:
      In his Mantissa Plantarum (1767) and Mantissa Plantarum altera (1771), [Linnaeus] regularly used ♂, ♀ and for male, female and hermaphrodite flowers respectively.
  5. (gender) intersex.
    • 2012, Olga B. A. van den Akker, Reproductive Health Psychology (in English), John Wiley & Sons, →ISBN, page 40:
      The genders are typically represented by symbols derived from the planets. The female (Venus) and male (Mars) symbols (shown below) are commonly known and used.
      Venus Mars Mercury
      As not everyone believes that they fit into either the male or female gender role regardless of their biological genetic sex, they tend to refer to themselves as the third category, intersex, intergender or transgender (see Mercury symbol above).
  6. (entomology) worker
    • 1903, C. T. Bingham, Hymenoptera.—Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps (The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma) (in English), London: Taylor and Francis, page v:
      Ants like the honey-bees and one section of the wasps, are social insects with, in any well-established nest or community, three distinct forms—the perfect and fertile female () the male (), and the so-called neuter or worker (), which is merely an undeveloped female.
  7. (astrology) mutable zodiacal modality
    Synonym: 🜳

Derived terms[edit]

  1. (alchemy): 🜐

Related terms[edit]

Planetary symbols
Sun symbol (fixed width).svg · Mercury symbol (fixed width).svg · Venus symbol (fixed width).svg · Earth symbol (fixed width).svgGlobus cruciger (fixed width).svg · Moon crescent symbol (fixed width).svgMoon decrescent symbol (fixed width).svg · Mars symbol (fixed width).svg · Ceres symbol (fixed width).svg · Pallas symbol (fixed width).svg · Juno symbol (fixed width).svg · Vesta symbol (fixed width).svg · Hygiea symbol (astrological, fixed width).svg · Chiron symbol (fixed width).svg · Jupiter symbol (fixed width).svg · Saturn symbol (fixed width).svg · Uranus symbol (fixed width).svgUranus monogram (fixed width).svg · Neptune symbol (fixed width).svg · Pluto symbol (fixed width).svgPluto monogram (fixed width).svg · Orcus symbol (fixed width).svg · Haumea symbol (fixed width).svg · Quaoar symbol (fixed width).svg · Makemake symbol (fixed width).svg · Gonggong symbol (fixed width).svg · Eris symbol (fixed width).svgEris arrow symbol (uncapped).svg · Sedna symbol (fixed width).svg · Comet symbol (fixed width).svg
Gender and sexuality symbols
male symbol (fixed width).svg · double Mars symbol.svg · venus symbol (fixed width).svg · Double Venus symbol.svg · male and female sign.svg · Heterosexuality symbol.svg · Pansexual symbol (fixed width).svg · Androgyny symbol (up arrow).svg · Transgender symbol.svg · Gender sign.svg · Agender symbol.svg · neuter symbol.svg · Eris arrow symbol (fixed width).svg · Rotated Venus.svg · Mercury symbol (fixed width).svg · Comet symbol (fixed width).svg


References[edit]

  1. ^ Jones, Alexander (1999) Astronomical Papyri from Oxyrhynchus, →ISBN, pages 62–63