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U+2644, ♄
SATURN

[U+2643]
Miscellaneous Symbols
[U+2645]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Greek letters kappa-rho with an abbreviation stroke at bottom, for Κρόνος (Krónos), the Greek equivalent to the Roman god Saturn. The cross at top was added later, to Christianize the symbol of a pagan god.[1]

Use of ♄ for Saturday, on the left side of the calendar dial of this 13th-century clock tower, just above the zodiac hand.
The Saturn symbol before the cross was added

Symbol[edit]

  1. (astronomy, astrology) Saturn.
  2. (alchemy, archaic) lead.
  3. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (botany, obsolete) woody perennial plant.
    (the orbital period of Saturn is 30 years)[2]
  4. (rare) Saturday.
    Refers to the Latin phrase dies Saturni, which literally means "Saturn's day".

Derived terms[edit]

  • (alchemy): 🜪 – lead ore.

Related terms[edit]

Planetary symbols
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References[edit]

  1. ^ Jones, Alexander (1999) Astronomical Papyri from Oxyrhynchus, →ISBN, pages 62–63
  2. ^ J. Lindley (1848) An introduction to botany[1], volume 2, 4 edition, London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, page 385–386