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Globus cruciger (fixed width).svg
U+2641, ♁

Miscellaneous Symbols


Alternative forms[edit]


(1, 2): A globus cruciger (the globe surmounted by a Christian cross), representing God's or the Church's rule over the world. Alchemical extension to newly discovered antimony motivated by an attempt to retain an association between the basic metals and the known planets. Astronomical use is reinforced by the graphic similarity to the symbol for Venus, the planet most similar to Earth.


  1. (astronomy) the Earth
  2. (Christianity) the redeemed world (symbol carried by depictions of Christ and medieval Christian kings)
  3. (alchemy) stibnite, antimony ore (Sb2S3; archaic)
  4. (astrology) the hypothetical planet Proserpina, which one Polish school of astrology identifies as the dwarf planet Eris

Usage notes[edit]

In contemporary astronomy, ♁ is particularly common in German-language sources. 🜨 is the usual symbol in English-language sources, but ♁ also occurs.[1]


  • (astronomy, Christianity): 🜨
  • (astrology): ,
  • (alchemy): 🜰 (regulus of antimony / antimony metal)

Derived terms[edit]

  1. M Earth mass (as a unit of measurement)[2]
  2. R Earth radius (as a unit of measurement)
  3. 🜬 sublimate of antimony
  4. 🜫 antimony ore
  5. 🜭 antimony salt
  6. 🜥 copper antimoniate

Related terms[edit]

Planetary symbols
Sun symbol (fixed width).svg · Mercury symbol (fixed width).svg · Venus symbol (fixed width).svg · Earth symbol (fixed width).svgGlobus cruciger (fixed width).svg · Moon crescent symbol (fixed width).svgMoon decrescent symbol (fixed width).svg · Mars symbol (fixed width).svg · Ceres symbol (fixed width).svg · Pallas symbol (fixed width).svg · Juno symbol (fixed width).svg · Vesta symbol (fixed width).svg · Hygiea symbol (astrological, fixed width).svg · Chiron symbol (fixed width).svg · Jupiter symbol (fixed width).svg · Saturn symbol (fixed width).svg · Uranus symbol (fixed width).svgUranus monogram (fixed width).svg · Neptune symbol (fixed width).svg · Pluto symbol (fixed width).svgPluto monogram (fixed width).svg · Orcus symbol (fixed width).svg · Haumea symbol (fixed width).svg · Quaoar symbol (fixed width).svg · Makemake symbol (fixed width).svg · Gonggong symbol (fixed width).svg · Eris symbol (fixed width).svg · Sedna symbol (fixed width).svg · Comet symbol (fixed width).svg

See also[edit]


  1. ^ E.g. Beutler, Mervart & Verdun (2006) Methods of Celestial Mechanics, volume II: Application to Planetary System, Geodynamics and Satellite Geodesy
  2. ^ E.g. A. G. G. M. Tielens (2021) Molecular Astrophysics, CUP, p. 10;
    Boblest, Müller & Wunner (2015) Spezielle und allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, p. 19.