antimony

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English[edit]

Chemical element
Sb
Previous: tin (Sn)
Next: tellurium (Te)
Sample of antimony.

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin antimonium attested in the 11th century; see also the Wikipedia section.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈæn.tɪ.mə.niː/, enPR: ăn'tĭmənē
  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæn.tɪˌmoʊ.ni/, enPR: ăn'tĭmōnē

Noun[edit]

antimony (countable and uncountable, plural antimonies)

  1. A chemical element (symbol Sb, from Latin stibium) with an atomic number of 51: a lustrous gray metalloid.
    Synonym: stibium
    • 2021 December 27, Jack Healy; Mike Baker, “As Miners Chase Clean-Energy Minerals, Tribes Fear a Repeat of the Past”, in The New York Times[1], ISSN 0362-4331:
      Deep in the Salmon River Mountains, an Idaho mining company, Perpetua Resources, is proposing a vast open-pit gold mine that would also produce 115 million pounds of antimony — an element that may be critical to manufacturing the high-capacity liquid-metal batteries of the future.
  2. The alloy stibnite.
    Synonym: stibium
    • 2005, Al Berlin, Chemical Physics of Pyrolysis, Combustion, and Oxidation, →ISBN, page 21:
      In quality synergistic additives in a composition use oxide antimonies.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Do not confuse with antinomy (contradiction or paradox).

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Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

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