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From Middle English sublymate, from Latin sublīmātus, past participle of sublīmāre (“to raise, elevate”).
- (verb) IPA(key): /ˈsʌblɪmeɪt/
- (noun) IPA(key): /ˈsʌblɪmeɪt/, /ˈsʌblɪmət/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (AU) (file)
sublimate (third-person singular simple present sublimates, present participle sublimating, simple past and past participle sublimated)
- (transitive, intransitive, physics) To change state from a solid to a gas without passing through the liquid state. [from 16th c.]
- Synonym: sublime
- (transitive, archaic) To purify or refine a substance through such a change of state.
- (transitive, psychoanalysis) To modify the natural expression of a sexual or primitive instinct in a socially acceptable manner; to divert the energy of such an instinct into some acceptable activity.
- 1969, Susan Sontag, “What’s Happening in America”, in Styles of Radical Will, Kindle edition, Penguin Modern Classics, published 2009, →ISBN, page 194:
- Foreigners extol the American "energy" […] Basically it is the energy of violence, of free-floating resentment and anxiety unleashed by chronic cultural dislocations which must be, for the most part, ferociously sublimated. This energy has mainly been sublimated into crude materialism and acquisitiveness.
- (archaic) To raise to a place of honor; to refine and exalt.
- 1667, attributed to Richard Allestree, The Causes of the Decay of Christian Piety. […], London: […] R. Norton for T. Garthwait, […], OCLC 1114833197:
- The precepts of Christianity are […] so apt […] to cleanse and sublimate the more gross and corrupt.
to change from solid to gas
to purify or refine by sublimation
to raise to a place of honor
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
sublimate (plural sublimates)
- (chemistry) A product obtained by sublimation.
- adverbial present passive participle of sublimar
- inflection of sublimare:
sublimate f pl
- (Classical) IPA(key): /sub.liːˈmaː.te/, [s̠ʊblʲiːˈmäːt̪ɛ]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /sub.liˈma.te/, [subliˈmäːt̪e]
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