Io

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Note: This is uppercase i, not lowercase L.

Translingual[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Proper noun[edit]

Io f

  1. A taxonomic genus within the family Pleuroceridae – only one species Io fluvialis (spiny river snail).
  2. A taxonomic genus within the family Saturniidae – now genus Adetomeris, of moths.
Hypernyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]

References[edit]

snail

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortening of Senecio, from basionym of species name Senecio ambondrombeensis (See Wikispecies-logo.svg Io (Asteraceae) on Wikispecies.Wikispecies )

Proper noun[edit]

Io f

  1. A taxonomic genus within the family Asteraceae – only one species Io ambondrombeensis, native to Madagascar. [from 2003]
Usage notes[edit]
Hypernyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]

References[edit]


English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Zeus and Io

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek Ἰώ (Iṓ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈaɪoʊ/
    • (file)

Proper noun[edit]

Io

  1. (Greek mythology) The daughter of Inachus river god, and a lover of Zeus, turned by the latter into a heifer.
  2. (astronomy) A moon of Jupiter, known for its volcanic activity, peppered with about 400 active volcanoes.
  3. (astronomy) 85 Io, a main belt asteroid; the asteroid shares its name with the Jovian moon

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Solar System in English · Solar System (layout · text)
Star Sun
Planets and
most likely
dwarf planets
Mercury Venus Earth Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto
Notable
moons
Moon Phobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymede
Callisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Iapetus

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Triton Charon
Styx
Nix
Kerberos
Hydra

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

Ancient Greek Ἰώ (Iṓ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈi.o/
  • Rhymes: -io
  • Hyphenation: Ì‧o

Proper noun[edit]

Io f

  1. (Greek mythology) Io
  2. (astronomy, natural satellite) Io
  3. (astronomy, asteroid) 85 Io

See also[edit]

Solar System in Italian · sistema solare (layout · text)
Star Sole
Planets and
most likely
dwarf planets
Mercurio Venere Terra Marte Cerere Giove Saturno Urano Nettuno Plutone
Notable
moons
Luna Fobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganimede
Callisto
Mimas
Encelado
Teti
Dione
Rea
Titano
Giapeto

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Tritone Caronte
Stige
Notte
Cerbero
Idra

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek Ἰώ (Iṓ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Īō f sg (genitive Īūs); fourth declension
Īō f sg (genitive Īōnis); third declension

  1. (mythology) Io, daughter of Inachus.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Propertius. In: Propertius with an English translation by H. E. Butler, 1916, pp. 144f., 154f., 162f:
      Io versa caput primos mugiverat annos:
      So Io wore a strange guise and lowed all her earlier years;
      illic aspicis scopulis haerere Sorores
      et canere antiqui dulcia furta Iovis,
      ut Semela est combustus, ut est deperditus Io,
      [...]
      There shalt thou see the Sisters clinging to the crags, while they chant the sweet loves of Jove in olden time, how he was consumed with fire for Semele, how madly he loved Io, [...]
      tu certe Iovis occultis in amoribus, Io,
      sensisti multas quid sit inire vias,
      [...]
      Yet, Io, in truth thou didst learn in thy secret loves with Jove what it is to tread many paths of wandering, [...]
    • (Can we date this quote?) Publius Ovidius Naso, Ars amandi / Ars amatoria, liber I. In: Publius Ovidius Naso: Liebeskunst. Lateinisch-deutsch, 1980, p. 28 – translation from The Love Books of Ovid, p. 121:
      Et modo se Europen fieri, modo postulat Io,
      Altera quod bos est, altera vecta bove.
      Now she would be Europa; now she would be Io; the one because she was a heifer, the other because a bull bore her on his back.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Publius Ovidius Naso, Amores, liber II. In: Ovid Heroides and Amores with an English translation by Grant Showerman, 1914, p. 386f.
      dum nimium servat custos Iunonius Ion,
      ante suos annos occidit; ilia dea est!
      Juno's watchman, guarding Io too intently, falls before his time; she–becomes a goddess!
    • (Can we date this quote?) Plautus, Aulularia, actus III. In: Plautus with an English translation by Paul Nixon, vol. I, 1916, p. 290f.:
      quos si Argus servet qui oculeus totus fuit,
      quem quondam Ioni Iuno custodem addidit,
      is numquam servet.
      Why, Argus, who had eyes all over him and was set to guarding Io once by Juno, couldn't ever keep watch on those fellows, not if he tried.

Declension[edit]

Fourth-declension noun (all cases except the genitive singular in ).

Case Singular
Nominative Īō
Genitive Īūs
Dative Īō
Accusative Īō
Ablative Īō
Vocative Īō

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular
Nominative Īō
Īōn
Genitive Īōnis
Dative Īōnī
Accusative Īōnem
Ablative Īōne
Vocative Īō
Īōn

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Io”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Io in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Portuguese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Io f

  1. (Greek mythology) Io (a lover of Zeus)
  2. (astronomy) Io (moon of Jupiter)