Mars

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See also: mars, MARS, mârs, marš, Марс, and марс

English[edit]

Mars's planetary symbol
Mars (planet)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English Mars, from Latin Mārs (god of war), from older Latin (older than 75 BCE) Māvors. 𐌌𐌀𐌌𐌄𐌓𐌔 (mamers) was his Oscan name. He was also known as Marmor, Marmar and Maris, the latter from the Etruscan deity Maris.

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. (astronomy) The fourth planet in the solar system. Symbol:
    Mars has two moons, Deimos and Phobos.
    • 2018 September 22, Marissa Carruthers, “Five of the best places to go off grid in Asia, get back to nature and away from office phone calls”, in South China Morning Post[1], archived from the original on 23 September 2018, Travel & Leisure:
      With its Mars-like landscape, visiting Gurbantunggut Desert feels like escaping to another world.
  2. (Roman mythology) The Roman god of war.
    Synonym: Ares
    Mars was the lover of Venus, and together they had a daughter called Harmonia.
  3. (poetic) War; a personification of war.
    In the first half of the twentieth century, Mars devastated Europe.
    • 1918, Ruth Stanley Farnam, A Nation at Bay: What an American Woman Saw and Did in Suffering Serbia, page 57:
      Mars rode upon the storm of horror and drank his fill of pain and blood. When the Serbian Army retreated before the foe, four times its own strength, it went backward facing the enemy and fighting every step of the way.
    • 1944, McGraw-Hill, Engineering and Mining Journal, volume 145, page 54:
      A relieved world then will eagerly turn to the task of reclaiming the destruction wrought by Mars ... A tremendous task, filled with infinite possibilities ... A profitable task, according to how well you are prepared to do your part in the rehabilitation ...
    • 1975, Helen Diane Russell, Jeffrey Blanchard, Jacques Callot: Prints & Related Drawings, Issue 21, page 10:
      The plague, inevitable companion of Mars, ravaged the populace.
  4. (obsolete, alchemy, chemistry) Iron.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (astronomy, astrology):
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Solar System in English · Solar System (layout · text)
Star Sun
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Mercury Venus Earth Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Eris
Notable
moons
Moon Phobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymede
Callisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Iapetus

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Triton Charon Dysnomia

Etymology 2[edit]

After Frank C. Mars, who founded the company that produces these chocolate bars.

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. The Mars Bar, a brand of chocolate bar with caramel and nougat filling.
    • 1985, Michael Collier, Longest Day, page 206:
      Easily eight foot tall, each was big, brown and glutinous - like giant Mars Bars squeezed and welded into nightmarish sculptures.
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternative forms.

Noun[edit]

Mars

  1. Alternative form of Mas

Anagrams[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch Mars.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: Mars

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. (astronomy) Mars
  2. (Roman mythology) Mars

See also[edit]

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈmars]
  • Oblique cases of the inanimate sense are pronounced /marz-/.
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ars

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m inan (related adjective marsovský or marťanský or martský, demonym Marťan)

  1. (inanimate) Mars, the fourth planet in the solar system

Declension[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m anim (related adjective Marsův or Martův)

  1. (Roman mythology, animate) Mars, the Roman god of war

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Solar System in Czech · sluneční soustava (layout · text)
Star Slunce
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Merkur Venuše Země Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturn Uran Neptun Pluto Eris
Notable
moons
Měsíc Phobos/Fobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymed
Callisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Iapetus

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Triton Charon Dysnomia

Further reading[edit]

Danish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)

See also[edit]

(planets of the solar system) planeter i solsystemet; Merkur,‎ Venus,‎ Jorden/‎jorden,‎ Mars,‎ Jupiter,‎ Saturn,‎ Uranus,‎ Neptun [edit]

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin Mārs.

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m

  1. (astronomy) Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested as mersche in 1307. Derived from meers (land next to water, swampland, pasture).

Proper noun[edit]

Mars n

  1. A neighbourhood of Land van Cuijk, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands.

References[edit]

  • van Berkel, Gerard; Samplonius, Kees (2018) Nederlandse plaatsnamen verklaard (in Dutch), Mijnbestseller.nl, →ISBN

Estonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Ewe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. March
    Synonym: Tedoxe

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension[edit]

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative Mars
Accusative Mars
Dative Marsi
Genitive Mars

See also[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑrs/, [ˈmɑ̝rs̠]
  • Rhymes: -ɑrs
  • Syllabification(key): Mars

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of Mars (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Mars
genitive Marsin
partitive Marsia
illative Marsiin
singular plural
nominative Mars
accusative nom. Mars
gen. Marsin
genitive Marsin
partitive Marsia
inessive Marsissa
elative Marsista
illative Marsiin
adessive Marsilla
ablative Marsilta
allative Marsille
essive Marsina
translative Marsiksi
abessive Marsitta
instructive
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of Mars (type risti)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Marsini
accusative nom. Marsini
gen. Marsini
genitive Marsini
partitive Marsiani
inessive Marsissani
elative Marsistani
illative Marsiini
adessive Marsillani
ablative Marsiltani
allative Marsilleni
essive Marsinani
translative Marsikseni
abessive Marsittani
instructive
comitative
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Marsisi
accusative nom. Marsisi
gen. Marsisi
genitive Marsisi
partitive Marsiasi
inessive Marsissasi
elative Marsistasi
illative Marsiisi
adessive Marsillasi
ablative Marsiltasi
allative Marsillesi
essive Marsinasi
translative Marsiksesi
abessive Marsittasi
instructive
comitative
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Marsimme
accusative nom. Marsimme
gen. Marsimme
genitive Marsimme
partitive Marsiamme
inessive Marsissamme
elative Marsistamme
illative Marsiimme
adessive Marsillamme
ablative Marsiltamme
allative Marsillemme
essive Marsinamme
translative Marsiksemme
abessive Marsittamme
instructive
comitative
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Marsinne
accusative nom. Marsinne
gen. Marsinne
genitive Marsinne
partitive Marsianne
inessive Marsissanne
elative Marsistanne
illative Marsiinne
adessive Marsillanne
ablative Marsiltanne
allative Marsillenne
essive Marsinanne
translative Marsiksenne
abessive Marsittanne
instructive
comitative
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative Marsinsa
accusative nom. Marsinsa
gen. Marsinsa
genitive Marsinsa
partitive Marsiaan
Marsiansa
inessive Marsissaan
Marsissansa
elative Marsistaan
Marsistansa
illative Marsiinsa
adessive Marsillaan
Marsillansa
ablative Marsiltaan
Marsiltansa
allative Marsilleen
Marsillensa
essive Marsinaan
Marsinansa
translative Marsikseen
Marsiksensa
abessive Marsittaan
Marsittansa
instructive
comitative

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Solar System in Finnish · Aurinkokunta (layout · text)
Star Aurinko
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Merkurius Venus Maa (Tellus) Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturnus Uranus Neptunus Pluto Eris
Notable
moons
Kuu Phobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganymedes
Kallisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Japetus

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Titania
Oberon
Triton Kharon Dysnomia

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m (proper noun, strong, genitive Mars' or (with an article) Mars)

  1. (Roman mythology) Mars
Declension[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m (proper noun, strong, genitive Mars)

  1. (astronomy) Mars

Derived terms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Low German [Term?].

Noun[edit]

Mars m (strong, genitive Mars, plural Marse) or
Mars f (genitive Mars, plural Marsen)

  1. (nautical) crow's nest
Declension[edit]

or

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

 Mars on Hungarian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative Mars
accusative Marsot
dative Marsnak
instrumental Marssal
causal-final Marsért
translative Marssá
terminative Marsig
essive-formal Marsként
essive-modal
inessive Marsban
superessive Marson
adessive Marsnál
illative Marsba
sublative Marsra
allative Marshoz
elative Marsból
delative Marsról
ablative Marstól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
Marsé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
Marséi
Possessive forms of Mars
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. Marsom
2nd person sing. Marsod
3rd person sing. Marsa
1st person plural Marsunk
2nd person plural Marsotok
3rd person plural Marsuk

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Solar System in Icelandic · Sólkerfið (layout · text)
Star Sólin
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Merkúr Venus Jörðin Mars Seres Júpíter Satúrnus Úranus Neptúnus Plútó Eris
Notable
moons
Tunglið Fóbos
Deimos
Íó
Evrópa
Ganýmedes
Kallistó
Mímas
Enkeladus
Teþis
Díóne
Rea
Títan
Japetus

Míranda
Aríel
Úmbríel
Títanía
Óberon
Tríton Karon Dysnómía

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Mārs.

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m (genitive Marsa)

  1. Mars (planet)
    Synonym: Máirt
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
Mars Mhars not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin Māvors, from Proto-Italic *Māwortis[1], or from Proto-Italic *Māmart-. If Māvors indeed comes from *Māmart-, the apparent change */-m-/ to */-w-/ is a unique and isolated change.[2] Mamers was his Oscan name. He was also known as Marmor, Marmar and Maris, the latter from the Etruscan deity Maris. See also the Lapis Satricanus, where 𐌌𐌀𐌌𐌀𐌓𐌕𐌄𐌆 (Mamartei) is attested.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mārs m sg (genitive Mārtis); third declension

  1. (Roman mythology) Mars (god of war)
  2. (astronomy) Mars (planet)
  3. (alchemy, chemistry) iron

Usage notes[edit]

The name of the god could, through interpretatio romana, serve to replace the name of a war god in a foreign language. Thus Saxo Grammaticus, for example, uses the term to refer to the Norse god Odin, alternating it with the borrowed form Ōthinus.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Mārs
Genitive Mārtis
Dative Mārtī
Accusative Mārtem
Ablative Mārte
Vocative Mārs

Noun[edit]

Mārs m (genitive Mārtis); third declension

  1. war, battle, conflict
    aequato Martemade equal the battle

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Mārs Mārtēs
Genitive Mārtis Mārtum
Dative Mārtī Mārtibus
Accusative Mārtem Mārtēs
Ablative Mārte Mārtibus
Vocative Mārs Mārtēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: Mars
  • French: Mars
  • Italian: Marte
  • Portuguese: Marte
  • Romanian: Marte
  • Sicilian: Marti
  • Spanish: Marte

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walde, Alois & Hofmann, Johann Baptist. 1954. Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, 2nd vol. (M-Z), 3rd edition, pp. 43-45.
  2. ^ de Vaan, Michiel. 2008. Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, p. 366.

Latvian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m

  1. vocative singular of Marss

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Mārs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. The Roman god governing war; Mars.
  2. The red-coloured planet visible to the naked eye: Mars.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Northern Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Norwegian Mars.

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002–2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[2], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Norwegian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /maːrs/, [maːʂ]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

See also[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin Mārs. Doublet of marzec.

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m pers

  1. (Roman mythology) Mars (the Roman god of war)
Declension[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m anim

  1. Mars (the fourth planet from the Sun)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
god
planet

See also[edit]

Solar System in Polish · Układ Słoneczny (layout · text)
Star Słońce
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
Merkury Wenus Ziemia Mars Ceres Jowisz Saturn Uran Neptun Pluton Eris
Notable
moons
Księżyc Fobos
Deimos
Io
Europa
Ganimedes
Kallisto
Mimas
Enceladus
Tetyda
Dione
Rea
Tytan
Japet

Miranda
Ariel
Umbriel
Tytania
Oberon
Tryton Charon Dysnomia
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology 2[edit]

After Frank C. Mars founder of Mars, Incorporated.

Proper noun[edit]

Mars m anim

  1. Mars bar (the chocolate bar with caramel and nougat filling)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Mars in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • Mars in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mȁrs m (Cyrillic spelling Ма̏рс)

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Declension[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mȃrs m anim

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

Inflection[edit]

Planet:

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nominative Márs
genitive Mársa
singular
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
Márs
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
dative
(dajȃlnik)
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
Mársu
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
Mársom

God (or sometimes the planet):

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nominative Márs
genitive Mársa
singular
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
Márs
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
dative
(dajȃlnik)
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
Mársu
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
Mársom

See also[edit]

(planets of the Solar System) planéti osónčja; Merkúr, Vénera, Zémlja, Márs, Júpiter, Satúrn, Urán, Neptún

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars c (genitive Mars)

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (Roman god)

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Tatar[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English March.

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. March

See also[edit]

(Gregorian calendar months) Jenueri, Februeri, Mars, Epril, Mei, Jun, Julai, Ogas, Septemba, Oktoba, Novemba, Disemba (Category: tpi:Months)

Turkish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mars

  1. Mars (planet)
    Synonym: Merih

West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Mars c (no plural)

  1. Mars (planet)
  2. Mars (god)

Further reading[edit]

  • Mars (III)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Wolof[edit]

Noun[edit]

Mars

  1. March

References[edit]

Omar Ka (2018) Nanu Dégg Wolof, National African Language Resource Center, →ISBN, page 155