रुधिर

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁rudʰrós(red), from the root *h₁rewdʰ- . Cognates include Avestan 𐬭𐬀𐬊𐬌𐬜𐬌𐬙𐬀(raoiδita-), Ancient Greek ἐρυθρός(eruthrós) Latin ruber, Tocharian A/B rtär/ratre, Old Church Slavonic рудъ(rudŭ), Lithuanian raúdas, and Old English rēad (English red).

Adjective[edit]

रुधिर ‎(rudhirá)

  1. red, blood-red, bloody
Descendants[edit]

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of रुधिर
Nom. sg. रुधिरः(rudhiraḥ)
Gen. sg. रुधिरस्य(rudhirasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रुधिरः(rudhiraḥ) रुधिरौ(rudhirau) रुधिराः(rudhirāḥ)
Vocative रुधिर(rudhira) रुधिरौ(rudhirau) रुधिराः(rudhirāḥ)
Accusative रुधिरम्(rudhiram) रुधिरौ(rudhirau) रुधिरान्(rudhirān)
Instrumental रुधिरेण(rudhireṇa) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरैः(rudhiraiḥ)
Dative रुधिराय(rudhirāya) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरेभ्यः(rudhirebhyaḥ)
Ablative रुधिरात्(rudhirāt) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरेभ्यः(rudhirebhyaḥ)
Genitive रुधिरस्य(rudhirasya) रुधिरयोः(rudhirayoḥ) रुधिराणाम्(rudhirāṇām)
Locative रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिरयोः(rudhirayoḥ) रुधिरेषु(rudhireṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of रुधिर
Nom. sg. रुधिरा(rudhirā)
Gen. sg. रुधिरायाः(rudhirāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रुधिरा(rudhirā) रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिराः(rudhirāḥ)
Vocative रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिराः(rudhirāḥ)
Accusative रुधिराम्(rudhirām) रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिराः(rudhirāḥ)
Instrumental रुधिरया(rudhirayā) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिराभिः(rudhirābhiḥ)
Dative रुधिरायै(rudhirāyai) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिराभ्यः(rudhirābhyaḥ)
Ablative रुधिरायाः(rudhirāyāḥ) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिराभ्यः(rudhirābhyaḥ)
Genitive रुधिरायाः(rudhirāyāḥ) रुधिरयोः(rudhirayoḥ) रुधिराणाम्(rudhirāṇām)
Locative रुधिरायाम्(rudhirāyām) रुधिरयोः(rudhirayoḥ) रुधिरासु(rudhirāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of रुधिर
Nom. sg. रुधिरम्(rudhiram)
Gen. sg. रुधिरस्य(rudhirasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रुधिरम्(rudhiram) रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिराणि(rudhirāṇi)
Vocative रुधिर(rudhira) रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिराणि(rudhirāṇi)
Accusative रुधिरम्(rudhiram) रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिराणि(rudhirāṇi)
Instrumental रुधिरेण(rudhireṇa) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरैः(rudhiraiḥ)
Dative रुधिरा(rudhirā) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरेभ्यः(rudhirebhyaḥ)
Ablative रुधिरात्(rudhirāt) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरेभ्यः(rudhirebhyaḥ)
Genitive रुधिरस्य(rudhirasya) रुधिरयोः(rudhirayoḥ) रुधिराणाम्(rudhirāṇām)
Locative रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिरयोः(rudhirayoḥ) रुधिरेषु(rudhireṣu)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

रुधिर ‎(rudhirám

  1. the bloodred planet or Mars
  2. a kind of precious stone (compare रुधिराख्य(rudhirā*khya))

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of रुधिर
Nom. sg. रुधिरः(rudhiraḥ)
Gen. sg. रुधिरस्य(rudhirasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रुधिरः(rudhiraḥ) रुधिरौ(rudhirau) रुधिराः(rudhirāḥ)
Vocative रुधिर(rudhira) रुधिरौ(rudhirau) रुधिराः(rudhirāḥ)
Accusative रुधिरम्(rudhiram) रुधिरौ(rudhirau) रुधिरान्(rudhirān)
Instrumental रुधिरेण(rudhireṇa) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरैः(rudhiraiḥ)
Dative रुधिराय(rudhirāya) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरेभ्यः(rudhirebhyaḥ)
Ablative रुधिरात्(rudhirāt) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरेभ्यः(rudhirebhyaḥ)
Genitive रुधिरस्य(rudhirasya) रुधिरयोः(rudhirayoḥ) रुधिराणाम्(rudhirāṇām)
Locative रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिरयोः(rudhirayoḥ) रुधिरेषु(rudhireṣu)

Noun[edit]

रुधिर ‎(rudhirán

  1. saffron
  2. name of a city

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of रुधिर
Nom. sg. रुधिरम्(rudhiram)
Gen. sg. रुधिरस्य(rudhirasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative रुधिरम्(rudhiram) रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिराणि(rudhirāṇi)
Vocative रुधिर(rudhira) रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिराणि(rudhirāṇi)
Accusative रुधिरम्(rudhiram) रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिराणि(rudhirāṇi)
Instrumental रुधिरेण(rudhireṇa) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरैः(rudhiraiḥ)
Dative रुधिरा(rudhirā) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरेभ्यः(rudhirebhyaḥ)
Ablative रुधिरात्(rudhirāt) रुधिराभ्याम्(rudhirābhyām) रुधिरेभ्यः(rudhirebhyaḥ)
Genitive रुधिरस्य(rudhirasya) रुधिरयोः(rudhirayoḥ) रुधिराणाम्(rudhirāṇām)
Locative रुधिरे(rudhire) रुधिरयोः(rudhirayoḥ) रुधिरेषु(rudhireṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0884