ruber

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See also: rüber

Latin[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *ruðros, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rudʰrós (red), from the root *h₁rewdʰ-.

Cognates include Old Armenian արուրդ/երուրդ (arurd/erurd) or արոյդ/երոյդ (aroyd/eroyd), Ancient Greek ἐρυθρός (eruthrós), Sanskrit रुधिर (rudhirá), Old East Slavic ръдръ (rŭdrŭ) (< Proto-Slavic *rъdrъ). Compare dialectal form rūfus (reddish, ruddy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ruber (feminine rubra, neuter rubrum, comparative rubrior, superlative ruberrimus); first/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er)

  1. red (colour); ruddy

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ruber rubra rubrum rubrī rubrae rubra
Genitive rubrī rubrae rubrī rubrōrum rubrārum rubrōrum
Dative rubrō rubrō rubrīs
Accusative rubrum rubram rubrum rubrōs rubrās rubra
Ablative rubrō rubrā rubrō rubrīs
Vocative ruber rubra rubrum rubrī rubrae rubra

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Italian: rubro, rubino
  • Corsican: rubru, rubriu, rubbriu
  • Portuguese: rubro

See also[edit]

Colors in Latin · colōrēs (layout · text)
     albus, candidus, subalbus, niveus, cēreus, marmoreus, eburneus, cānus, blancus (ML.)      glaucus, rāvus, pullus, cinereus, cinerāceus, plumbeusgrīseus (ML. or NL.)      niger, āter, piceus, furvus
             ruber, rūbidus, rūfus, rubicundus, russus, rubrīcus, pūniceusmurrinus, mulleus; cocceus, coccīnus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, aurantius, aurantiacus; fuscus, suffuscus, colōrius, cervīnus, spādīx, castaneus, aquilus, fulvus, brunneus (ML.)              flāvus, sufflāvus, flāvidus, fulvus, lūteus, gilvus, helvus, croceus, pallidus, blondinus (ML.)
             galbus, galbinus, lūridus              viridis              prasinus
             cȳaneus              caeruleus, azurīnus (ML.), caesius, blāvus (LL.)              glaucus; līvidus; venetus
             violāceus, ianthinus, balaustīnus (NL.)              ostrīnus, amethystīnus              purpureus, ātropurpureus, roseus, rosāceus

References[edit]

  • ruber”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ruber”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ruber in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette