ruber

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See also: rüber

Latin[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *ruβros, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rudʰrós (red), from the root *h₁rewdʰ-.

Cognates include Ancient Greek ἐρυθρός (eruthrós), Sanskrit रुधिर (rudhirá), Old East Slavic ръдръ (rŭdrŭ) (< Proto-Slavic *rъdrъ). Compare dialectal form rūfus (reddish, ruddy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ruber (feminine rubra, neuter rubrum); first/second declension

  1. red (colour); ruddy

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension, nominative masculine singular in -er.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ruber rubra rubrum rubrī rubrae rubra
Genitive rubrī rubrae rubrī rubrōrum rubrārum rubrōrum
Dative rubrō rubrō rubrīs
Accusative rubrum rubram rubrum rubrōs rubrās rubra
Ablative rubrō rubrā rubrō rubrīs
Vocative ruber rubra rubrum rubrī rubrae rubra

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Latin · colōrēs (layout · text)
     candidus, albus, niveus, cēreus, marmoreus, eburneus      cānus, rāvus, pullus, cinereus, cinericeus, plumbeusgrīseus      āter, niger, piceus
             pūniceusmurrhinus, rūfus, ruber, russus, rubrīcus, mulleus ; cocceus, coccīnus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, auranteus, aurantiacus ; fuscus, colōrius, cervīnus, spādīx              gilvus, helvus, fulvus, flāvus, croceus, pallidus, lūteus
             galbus, galbīnus, lūridus              viridis              prasinus
             cyaneus              caeruleus, azurīnus              glaucus; līvidus; venetus, blaveus
             violāceus, ianthinus              purpureus, ostrīnus, ātropurpūreus, amethystīnus              roseus, rosāceus

References[edit]