rufus

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See also: Rufus

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *rouβos. The medial -f- indicates a borrowing from a Sabellic language such as Oscan 𐌓𐌖𐌚𐌓𐌉𐌉𐌔 (rufriis), Umbrian 𐌓𐌖𐌚𐌓𐌖 (rufru), or from a sister variety such as Faliscan, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red). It might have penetrated urban Latin by virtue of the fact that it was used as an attribute for oxen sold in the markets in Rome. rōbus, which ended up being limited to oxen instead, represents the regular outcome of the same etymon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rūfus (feminine rūfa, neuter rūfum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. red, reddish, ruddy
  2. redheaded, red-haired

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative rūfus rūfa rūfum rūfī rūfae rūfa
Genitive rūfī rūfae rūfī rūfōrum rūfārum rūfōrum
Dative rūfō rūfō rūfīs
Accusative rūfum rūfam rūfum rūfōs rūfās rūfa
Ablative rūfō rūfā rūfō rūfīs
Vocative rūfe rūfa rūfum rūfī rūfae rūfa

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • >? Catalan: rúfol
  • English: rufous
  • Italian: rufo
  • Spanish: rufo

See also[edit]

Colors in Latin · colōrēs (layout · text)
     candidus, albus, niveus, cēreus, marmoreus, eburneus, cānus      rāvus, pullus, cinereus, cineraceus, plumbeusgrīseus (ML. or NL.)      āter, niger, piceus
             pūniceusmurrinus, rūfus, ruber, russus, rubrīcus, mulleus; cocceus, coccīnus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, auranteus, aurantiacus; fuscus, colōrius, cervīnus, spādīx              gilvus, helvus, fulvus, flāvus, croceus, pallidus, lūteus, blondinus (ML.)
             galbus, galbinus, lūridus              viridis              prasinus
             cȳaneus              caeruleus, azurīnus (ML.), blavus (ML.)              glaucus; līvidus; venetus
             violāceus, ianthinus, balaustīnus (NL.)              ostrīnus, amethystīnus              purpureus, ātropurpureus, roseus, rosāceus

References[edit]

  • rufus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rufus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rufus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • rufus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette