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See also: Rufus



From Proto-Italic *rouðos. The medial -f- indicates a borrowing from a Sabellic language such as Oscan 𐌓𐌖𐌚𐌓𐌉𐌉𐌔 (rufriis), Umbrian 𐌓𐌖𐌚𐌓𐌖 (rufru), or from a sister variety such as Faliscan, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red). It might have penetrated urban Latin by virtue of the fact that it was used as an attribute for oxen sold in the markets in Rome. The word rōbus, which ended up being limited to oxen instead, represents the regular outcome of the same etymon.



rūfus (feminine rūfa, neuter rūfum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. red, reddish, ruddy
  2. redheaded, red-haired


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative rūfus rūfa rūfum rūfī rūfae rūfa
Genitive rūfī rūfae rūfī rūfōrum rūfārum rūfōrum
Dative rūfō rūfō rūfīs
Accusative rūfum rūfam rūfum rūfōs rūfās rūfa
Ablative rūfō rūfā rūfō rūfīs
Vocative rūfe rūfa rūfum rūfī rūfae rūfa

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • >? Catalan: rúfol
  • English: rufous
  • Italian: rufo
  • Spanish: rufo

See also[edit]

Colors in Latin · colōrēs (layout · text)
     albus, candidus, subalbus, niveus, cēreus, marmoreus, eburneus, cānus, blancus (ML.)      glaucus, rāvus, pullus, cinereus, cinerāceus, plumbeusgrīseus (ML. or NL.)      niger, āter, piceus, furvus
             ruber, rūbidus, rūfus, rubicundus, russus, rubrīcus, pūniceusmurrinus, mulleus; cocceus, coccīnus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, aurantius, aurantiacus; fuscus, suffuscus, colōrius, cervīnus, spādīx, castaneus, aquilus, fulvus, brunneus (ML.)              flāvus, sufflāvus, flāvidus, fulvus, lūteus, gilvus, helvus, croceus, pallidus, blondinus (ML.)
             galbus, galbinus, lūridus              viridis              prasinus
             cȳaneus              caeruleus, azurīnus (ML.), caesius, blāvus (LL.)              glaucus; līvidus; venetus
             violāceus, ianthinus, balaustīnus (NL.)              ostrīnus, amethystīnus              purpureus, ātropurpureus, roseus, rosāceus


  • rufus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rufus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rufus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • rufus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.