rutilus

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See also: Rutilus

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

On the traditional view an unexplained derivation from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red), whence also rubeō, ruber, rōbus, rōbur, rūfus, russus.[1]

More recently, Prósper cites Schaffner 2016–2017 in seeing it as continuing Proto-Indo-European *h₂ruti-, from *h₂rew- (to shine), whence also the gentilic name Rutīlius, the tribal name Rutēnī, Venetic Rutius (Rutius, patronymic) and Old Irish ruithen (a gleam, shining).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rutilus (feminine rutila, neuter rutilum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. of a warm or yellowish red colour, ruddy
  2. strawberry blonde

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative rutilus rutila rutilum rutilī rutilae rutila
Genitive rutilī rutilae rutilī rutilōrum rutilārum rutilōrum
Dative rutilō rutilō rutilīs
Accusative rutilum rutilam rutilum rutilōs rutilās rutila
Ablative rutilō rutilā rutilō rutilīs
Vocative rutile rutila rutilum rutilī rutilae rutila

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Portuguese: rútilo

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ruber”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 527
  2. ^ Б. М. Проспер; B. M. Prósper (2019), “Language Change at the Crossroads: What Celtic, What Venetic, and What Else in the Personal Names of Emona?”, in Вопросы ономастики. 2019. Том 16. № 4[1], volume 16, issue 4, DOI:10.15826/vopr_onom.2019.16.4.044, ISSN 1994-2400, page 33–73

Further reading[edit]

  • rutilus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rutilus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rutilus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • rutilus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette