purpureus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either from purpura (purple) +‎ -eus or borrowed from Ancient Greek πορφύρεος (porphúreos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

purpureus (feminine purpurea, neuter purpureum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. purple, including reddish, violet, and brownish
  2. clothed in purple
  3. (figuratively) brilliant, shining, beautiful

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative purpureus purpurea purpureum purpureī purpureae purpurea
Genitive purpureī purpureae purpureī purpureōrum purpureārum purpureōrum
Dative purpureō purpureō purpureīs
Accusative purpureum purpuream purpureum purpureōs purpureās purpurea
Ablative purpureō purpureā purpureō purpureīs
Vocative purpuree purpurea purpureum purpureī purpureae purpurea

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: purple
  • Italian: purpureo

See also[edit]

Colors in Latin · colōrēs (layout · text)
     candidus, albus, niveus, cēreus, marmoreus, eburneus, cānus      rāvus, pullus, cinereus, cineraceus, plumbeusgrīseus (ML. or NL.)      āter, niger, piceus
             pūniceusmurrinus, rūfus, ruber, russus, rubrīcus, mulleus; cocceus, coccīnus, badius              rutilus, armeniacus, auranteus, aurantiacus; fuscus, colōrius, cervīnus, spādīx              gilvus, helvus, fulvus, flāvus, croceus, pallidus, lūteus, blondinus (ML.)
             galbus, galbinus, lūridus              viridis              prasinus
             cyaneus              caeruleus, azurīnus (ML.), blavus (ML.)              glaucus; līvidus; venetus
             violāceus, ianthinus, balaustīnus (NL.)              ostrīnus, amethystīnus              purpureus, ātropurpūreus, roseus, rosāceus

References[edit]

  • purpureus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • purpureus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • purpureus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette