ἐρυθρός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁rudʰrós ‎(red), from the root *h₁rewdʰ-. Cognates include Latin ruber, Sanskrit रुधिर ‎(rudhirá), Tocharian A/B rtär/ratre, and Old English rēad (English red). Here Greek is the only language to preserve the sound of the laryngeal *h₁ at the beginning of the word, which became ε ‎(e).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

ἐρῠθρός ‎(eruthrósm ‎(feminine ἐρῠθρᾱ́, neuter ἐρῠθρόν); first/second declension

  1. reddish, red
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 9.365–367
      ἄλλον δ' ἐνθένδε χρυσὸν καὶ χαλκὸν ἐρυθρὸν
      ἠδὲ γυναῖκας ἐϋζώνους πολιόν τε σίδηρον
      ἄξομαι,
      From there I will bring more gold and red bronze and fair-girdled women and much iron,
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 5.165–166
      αὐτὰρ ἐγὼ σῖτον καὶ ὕδωρ καὶ οἶνον ἐρυθρὸν
      ἐνθήσω μενοεικέ',
      And I'll put satisfying food and water and red wine on [the boat],
    • 6th century BC, Theognis of Megara, Elegies 449–450
      εὑρήσεις δέ με πᾶσιν ἐπ' ἔργμασιν ὥσπερ ἄπεφθον
      χρῡσὸν ἐρυθρὸν ἰδεῖν τρῑβόμενον βασάνῳ
      You will find me in all my actions like refined
      gold, red to the eye when rubbed against a touchstone
  2. (substantive, ἐρυθρόν ᾠοῦ) egg yolk

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]