ἐρυθρός

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: ερυθρός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁rudʰrós (red), from the root *h₁rewdʰ-. Cognates include Latin ruber, Sanskrit रुधिर (rudhirá), Tocharian A/B rtär/ratre, and Old English rēad (English red). Here Greek is the only language to preserve the sound of the laryngeal *h₁ at the beginning of the word, which became ε (e).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /e.ry.tʰrós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ɛ.ryˈtʰros/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /e.ryˈθros/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /e.ryˈθros/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /e.riˈθros/
  • Adjective[edit]

    ἐρῠθρός (eruthrósm (feminine ἐρῠθρᾱ́, neuter ἐρῠθρόν); first/second declension

    1. reddish, red
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 9.365–367
        ἄλλον δ' ἐνθένδε χρυσὸν καὶ χαλκὸν ἐρυθρὸν
        ἠδὲ γυναῖκας ἐϋζώνους πολιόν τε σίδηρον
        ἄξομαι,
        állon d' enthénde khrusòn kaì khalkòn eruthròn
        ēdè gunaîkas eüzṓnous polión te sídēron
        áxomai,
        From there I will bring more gold and red bronze and fair-girdled women and much iron,
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 5.165–166
        αὐτὰρ ἐγὼ σῖτον καὶ ὕδωρ καὶ οἶνον ἐρυθρὸν
        ἐνθήσω μενοεικέ',
        autàr egṑ sîton kaì húdōr kaì oînon eruthròn
        enthḗsō menoeiké',
        And I'll put satisfying food and water and red wine on [the boat],
      • 6th century BC, Theognis of Megara, Elegies 449–450
        εὑρήσεις δέ με πᾶσιν ἐπ' ἔργμασιν ὥσπερ ἄπεφθον
        χρῡσὸν ἐρυθρὸν ἰδεῖν τρῑβόμενον βασάνῳ
        heurḗseis dé me pâsin ep' érgmasin hṓsper ápephthon
        khrūsòn eruthròn ideîn trībómenon basánōi
        You will find me in all my actions like refined
        gold, red to the eye when rubbed against a touchstone
      Synonyms: πυρρός (purrhós)
    2. (substantive, ἐρυθρόν ᾠόν) egg yolk

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]