γλαυκός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Grey olive leaves

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain origin. Barber reconstructs Proto-Indo-European *gleh₂w-ko-, noting that the root only appears in Greek (Homer, Aeschylus)[1], but Beekes finds an Indo-European origin unlikely.[2]

Adjective[edit]

γλαυκός ‎(glaukósm ‎(feminine γλαυκή, neuter γλαυκόν); first/second declension

  1. gleaming, bright
  2. blue-green or gray
    • 406 BCE, Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 700–701
      Χορός   ... ὃ τᾷδε θάλλει μέγιστα χώρᾳ,
      γλαυκᾶς παιδοτρόφου φύλλον ἐλαίας
      Chorus: [a plant] that flourishes greatly in this land,
      the leaf of the child-nourishing gray olive tree
  3. (of an eye color) light blue or gray

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barber, Sievers' Law and the History of Semivowel Syllabicity in Indo-European and Ancient Greek
  2. ^ Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, p. 274-5