ξανθός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

With the original Proto-Indo-European form *ḱsendʰ- from root *ḱas- (white, blond, grey). Akin to Latin cānus (white), from Proto-Italic *kaznos.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

ξᾰνθός (xanthósm (feminine ξᾰνθή, neuter ξᾰνθόν); first/second declension

  1. yellow (of various shades), golden
  2. fair, blond, flaxen, a golden-red fawn (of hair)
    • 630 BCE – 570 BCE, Sappho, Papyrus Fragments 23
      ξάνθαι δ’ Ἐλέναι σ’ ἐίσ[κ]ην
      οὖδεν ἄεικες
      xánthai d’ Elénai s’ eís[k]ēn
      oûden áeikes
      Comparing you to golden Helen
      is not at all inappropriate

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ξανθός (xanthósm (feminine ξανθή or ξανθιά, neuter ξανθό)

  1. blonde, blond, fair, flaxen
    ξανθή μαλλιά, όπως το μέλιxanthí malliá, ópos to méliblonde hair like honey
  2. golden
    ξανθό στάχυxanthó stáchygolden ear (of corn)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]