ξανθός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

With the original Proto-Indo-European form *ḱsendʰ- from root *ḱas- (white, blond, grey). Akin to Latin cānus (white), from Proto-Italic *kaznos.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ksan.tʰós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ksanˈtʰos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ksanˈθos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ksanˈθos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ksanˈθos/
  • Adjective[edit]

    ξᾰνθός (xanthósm (feminine ξᾰνθή, neuter ξᾰνθόν); first/second declension

    1. yellow (of various shades), golden
    2. fair, blond, flaxen, a golden-red fawn (of hair)
      • 630 BCE – 570 BCE, Sappho, Papyrus Fragments 23
        ξάνθαι δ’ Ἐλέναι σ’ ἐίσ[κ]ην
        οὖδεν ἄεικες
        xánthai d’ Elénai s’ eís[k]ēn
        oûden áeikes
        Comparing you to golden Helen
        is not at all inappropriate

    Inflection[edit]

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    Greek[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    ξανθός (xanthósm (feminine ξανθή or ξανθιά, neuter ξανθό)

    1. blonde, blond, fair
      ξανθή μαλλιά, όπως το μέλιxanthí malliá, ópos to méliblonde hair like honey
    2. golden
      ξανθό στάχυxanthó stáchygolden ear (of corn)

    Declension[edit]

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