المريخ

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Arabic[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From the root م ر خ(m-r-ḵ), meaning "to rub", "to leak sap (especially flammable oils)", "to anoint or cover in oil", "to rub together flammable branches"; stemming from the red color of the planet being associated with fire, a conception found in archaic synonyms as well.

Proper noun[edit]

اَلْمِرِّيخ (al-mirrīḵm

  1. (astronomy) the planet Mars
    اَلْمِرِّيخُ هُوَ ٱلْكَوْكَبُ ٱلرَّابِعُ فِي ٱلْبُعْدِ عَنِ ٱلشَّمْسِ فِي ٱلنِّظَامِ ٱلشَّمْسِيِّ وَهُوَ ٱلْجَارُ ٱلْخَارِجِيُّ لِلْأَرْضِ وَيُصَنَّفُ كَوْكَبًا صَخْرِيًّا، مِنْ مَجْمُوعَةِ ٱلْكَوَاكِبِ ٱلْأَرْضِيَّةِ.‎‎
    al-mirrīḵu huwa l-kawkabu r-rābiʿu fī l-buʿdi ʿani š-šamsi fī n-niẓāmi š-šamsiyyi wahuwa l-jāru l-ḵārijiyyu lilʾarḍi wayuṣannafu kawkaban ṣaḵriyyan, min majmūʿati l-kawākibi l-ʾarḍiyyati.
    Mars is the fourth planet in distance from the Sun in the Solar System and it is Earth's external neighbor and is classified as a rocky planet from the group of the Terrestrial Planets.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Classical Syriac: ܡܰܪܪܻܝܟ‏(marrīḵ)
  • Persian: مریخ(Merrîx)
  • Swahili: Mirihi
  • Tatar: Merih

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “المريخ”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum, volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 167
  • Lane,Edward William, An Arabic‐English Lexicon, Edward William Lane, An Arabic-English Lexicon, :Derived from the Best and the Most Copious Eastern Sources, 8 vols (London: Williams and Norgate, 1863-93), page 5802 mentions a bush called مرخ "A certain kind of tree that quickly emits fire" (Lane,Edward William,An Arabic‐English Lexicon</ref>.