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See also: Footman


A footman of the household of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.
Parts of a spinning wheel - H: footman


From Middle English fotman, footman, foteman (foot soldier, running footman), from Old English *fōtman, *fōtmann (attested only as Old English fēþman, fēþmann (footman), equivalent to foot +‎ man.


footman (plural footmen)

  1. (archaic) A soldier who marches and fights on foot; a foot soldier.
  2. A man in waiting; a male servant whose duties are to attend the door, the carriage, the table, etc.
    • 1959, Georgette Heyer, chapter 1, in The Unknown Ajax:
      And no use for anyone to tell Charles that this was because the Family was in mourning for Mr Granville Darracott [] : Charles might only have been second footman at Darracott Place for a couple of months when that disaster occurred, but no one could gammon him into thinking that my lord cared a spangle for his heir.
    Coordinate term: footwoman
  3. (historical) A servant who runs in front of his master's carriage.
  4. A metallic stand with four feet, for keeping anything warm before a fire.
  5. A moth of the family Arctiidae (or subfamily Arctiinae); -- so called from its livery-like colors.
    1. especially, the common footman (Manulea lurideola)
  6. A bar that connects the treadle of a spinning wheel to the wheel.




Middle English[edit]



  1. Alternative form of fotman