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U+5168, 全
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5168

[U+5167]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5169]
See also: , 𠓴, and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
全-bw.png
Stroke order
全-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 11 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人一土 (OMG), four-corner 80104, composition (GJ) or ⿱ (TKV))

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 126, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1424
  • Dae Jaweon: page 271, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 115, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5168

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
全-bronze.svg 全-bigseal.svg 全-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sroːn, *sʰlon
*sroːn, *sron
*ʔsroːn, *ʔsron, *ʔslun
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon, *djon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon
*sʰlon, *sʰlod
*sʰlon, *ʔsron
*sʰlon
*zlon
*zlon, *doːŋ
*zlon

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + (jade) – a whole piece of jade; pure jade.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chn̂g - vernacular;
  • choân - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyan³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰyan²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰyan⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰyã⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰyan⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰuã²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰuã²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰyan⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕyan⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰyɛn²¹³/
/t͡ɕʰiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyan³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰian²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰyen²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰye¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰye̞¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑi²³/
Suzhou /ziɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰye⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕʰyɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡siẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zyẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰien¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰion¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡suan³⁵/
/t͡sŋ̍³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡syiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /suaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zwian/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziuɛn/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
quán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
quán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]o[n]/
English complete (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10718
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zlon/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pure jade
  2. whole; entire; all
  3. completely; wholly
  4. everything; complete
  5. perfect; flawless; faultless
  6. to preserve; to save; to keep whole or intact
  7. to maintain; to keep
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぜん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (dzjwen, complete, whole).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぜん, romaji zen)

  1. entire, complete, overall

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana ぜん, romaji zen-)

  1. all, pan-, omni-

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn)

  1. whole; all; complete

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(toàn, tuyền)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.