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See also: , 𠓴, and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
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Stroke order
全-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – belongings under a roof (/): all one’s belongings, complete.

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
全-bronze.svg 全-bigseal.svg 全-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 11 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人一土 (OMG), four-corner 80104, composition (GJ) or ⿱ (TKV))

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 126, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1424
  • Dae Jaweon: page 271, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 115, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5168

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyan³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰyan²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰyan⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰyã⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰyan⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰuã²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰuã²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰyan⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕyan⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰyɛn²¹³/
/t͡ɕʰiɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyan³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰian²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰyen²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰye¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰye̞¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑi¹³/
Suzhou /ziɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰye⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ⁴⁴/
/t͡ɕʰyɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡siẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zyẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰien¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰion¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡suan³⁵/
/t͡sŋ̍³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡syiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /suaŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ziuᴇn/ /d͡zʱi̯wɛn/ /d͡ziuɛn/ /d͡zʷiɛn/ /d͡zwian/ /d͡zĭwɛn/ /d͡zjuæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
quán ‹ dzjwen › /*[dz]o[n]/ complete (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10718 3 /*zlon/

Definitions[edit]

  1. entire; all
  2. everything; complete
  3. completely
  4. maintain, keep whole or intact
  5. A surname​.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぜん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(dzjwen, complete, whole).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぜん, romaji zen)

  1. entire, complete, overall

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana ぜん, romaji zen-)

  1. all, pan-, omni-

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn)

  1. whole; all; complete

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(toàn, tuyền)

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