Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+7D14, 純
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D14

[U+7D13]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D15]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 女火心山 (VFPU), four-corner 25917, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 917, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27277
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1346, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3371, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7D14

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𠄤

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
純-bronze.svg 純-silk.svg 純-seal.svg 純-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːnʔ
*rduːn, *duːn, *tun
*donʔ, *duːn, *duːnʔ
*tuːnʔ, *tjuns
*tuːns
*tuːns
*tʰuːn, *tʰuːnʔ
*tʰuːnʔ
*duːn, *tun
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn, *stʰuːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn, *duːnʔ
*duːnʔ
*tun
*tʰun
*tʰun
椿 *tʰun
*tʰunʔ, *tʰjunʔ
*tjun
*tjun, *tjuns
*tjunʔ, *djun
*tʰjun
*tʰjunʔ
*tʰjunʔ
*tʰjunʔ
*djun
*hljunʔ
*hljuns

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰuən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴²/
Xi'an /p͡fʰẽ²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵³/
/ʂuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕyn²¹³/
Chengdu /suən³¹/
Guiyang /suen²¹/
Kunming /ʂuə̃¹/
Nanjing /ʂun²⁴/
Hefei /ʂuən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
/suŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zoŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕyʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ɕyn¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕyn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sun⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sun¹¹/
Taoyuan /sun¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søn²¹/
Nanning /syn²¹/
Hong Kong /søn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sœyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (25)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑwin/
Li
Rong
/ʑiuĕn/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chún chún
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzywin › ‹ dzywin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]u[n]/ /*[d]u[n]/
English pure, unmixed silken

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 12578
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djun/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pure, clean, simple

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiuɪnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʷinX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjuenX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cwinX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiuĕnX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuĕnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uĕnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǔn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 12570
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjunʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Classical Chinese) border of a piece of clothing

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Classical Chinese) Classifier for a section of cloth.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana じゅん, rōmaji jun)

  1. innocent

Inflection[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana じゅん, rōmaji jun-)

  1. pure

Proper noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
あつし
Grade: 6

(hiragana あつし, rōmaji Atsushi)

  1. A male given name


Kanji in this term
じゅん
Grade: 6
on’yomi

(hiragana じゅん, rōmaji Jun)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sun, jun, jeon, don, chi) (hangeul , , , , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thuần, chuẩn, đồn, truy, luồn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.