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See also:
U+719F, 熟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-719F

[U+719E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+71A0]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
15 strokes

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 86, +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜戈火 (YIF), four-corner 05331, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 680, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19332
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1091, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2231, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+719F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
2nd round simp. 𰀅
alternative forms 𦏧
𡒒

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意) and phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djɯwɢ): phonetic (OC *djɯwɢ, cooked; ripe) + semantic (fire) – cooked with fire.

Originally written .

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with Proto-Kiranti (*tʰok ~ tʰuk, "ripen; cooked") (Schuessler, 2007).

Thai สุก (sùk, ripe) is a loan from Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʑɨuk̚).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • se̍k/sia̍k - vernacular;
  • sio̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂou³⁵/
    /ʂu³⁵/
    Harbin /ʂou²⁴/
    /ʂu²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʂou⁴⁵/
    /sou⁴⁵/
    /su⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʂu⁴²/
    Qingdao /ʃu⁴²/ ~了
    /ʂu⁴²/ ~悉
    Zhengzhou /ʂu⁴²/
    Xi'an /fu²⁴/
    Xining /fv̩²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂu¹³/
    Lanzhou /fu⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʂu⁵¹/
    /fu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /səu²¹³/
    Chengdu /su³¹/
    Guiyang /su²¹/
    Kunming /ʂu³¹/
    Nanjing /ʂuʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʂuəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /suəʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /suʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /suəʔ⁴³/ ~悉
    /səu³¹/ 飯~
    Wu Shanghai /zoʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zoʔ³/
    Hangzhou /zoʔ²/
    Wenzhou /jɤu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /su²²/
    Tunxi /ɕiu¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʂəu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʂəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /suʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /suk̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /ʃuk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sok̚²/
    Nanning /suk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /suk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔk̚⁵/
    /sik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /syʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/
    /tiak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑiuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑuwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shú
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    suk6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shú
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]uk/
    English cooked, ripe

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11797
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djɯwɢ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (of fruits, etc.) ripe
    2. (of cooked dishes, etc.) cooked; done
    3. familiar with; well-acquainted with
      唔係 [Cantonese, trad.]
      唔系 [Cantonese, simp.]
      ngo5 m4 hai6 hou2 suk6 keoi5. [Jyutping]
      I'm not that well-acquainted with him/her.
    4. (of sleep) sound; deep
    5. (historical ethnography) civilized, settled (opposed with "wild")
        ―  shú  ―  civilized Li

    Compounds[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Thai: สุก (sùk)

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. boil
    2. ripen
    3. a complete state

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (suk) (hangeul , revised suk, McCune–Reischauer suk, Yale swuk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: thục

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.