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U+587E, 塾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-587E

[U+587D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+587F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜戈土 (YIG), four-corner 05104, composition)

  1. village school
  2. private tutorage

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 237, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5402
  • Dae Jaweon: page 475, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 481, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+587E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
塾-seal.svg 塾-bigseal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑuwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ʑiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shú
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11799
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djɯwɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. private tutorage/school

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. cram school

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji in this term
じゅく
Grade: S
on’yomi
Wikipedia-logo.png
  on Japanese Wikipedia
Wikipedia-logo.png
 juku on Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

(じゅく) (juku

  1. a cram school
    Synonym: 学習塾 (gakushū juku)
    • 2006 November 17, Amagi, Seimaru; Sato, Fumiya, “(ごく)(もん)(じゅく)(さつ)(じん)()(けん)1⃣(いち) [The Prison Gate Cram School Murder Case #1]”, in 獄門塾殺人事件(上) [The Prison Gate Cram School Murder Case (First Book)] (金田一少年の事件簿) (fiction), Tokyo: Kodansha, →ISBN:
      ところ(そう)()(くん)(かよ)ってるこの(じゅく)——ホント()(まえ)どおりコワソー(じゅく)ね!
      Tokoro de Sōta-kun no kayotteru kono juku—— honto namae dōri no kowasō na juku ne!
      By the way Sōta, is this cram school you’re studying at—— as hellish as its name suggests?
      ああ!「(ごく)(もん)(じゅく)」だろ?ホントは(がく)(もん)(きわ)めるっていう()()の「(ごく)(もん)」らしいんだけど あんまりスパルタなんでこっちの「(ごく)(もん)」って(かげ)ではいわれてるんだ!
      Ā! “Gokumon-juku” daro? Honto wa gakumon o kiwamerutte iu imi no “Gokumon” rashiin dakedo anmari Suparuta nan de kotchi no “Gokumon” tte kage de wa iwareterun da!
      Oh! You mean “Gokumon Cram School”? “Gokumon” actually means something like ‘studying to extremes’, but people just go with “Gokumon” as in ‘prison gate’ because of its harsh conditions!
      やだ!コワイ!
      Ya da! Kowai!
      No way! That’s spooky!

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʑɨuk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 슉〮 (Yale: syuk) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (geulbang suk))

  1. Hanja form? of (private school).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thục)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.