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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 水月竹弓 (EBHN) or 水月竹山 (EBHU), four-corner 37110)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 610, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17190
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1003, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1574, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C89

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Originally the same character as (OC *l'um, *l'ums, *hljumʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/ ~重
/ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵³/ ~底
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨn²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰəm¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰem¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tim³⁵/
/tiam³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /teiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tim⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sim³¹/
/hiam³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖjim/
Li
Rong
/ȡjəm/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15256
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'um/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to sink; to submerge (into water)
  2. to fall; to sink; to subside
  3. to settle; to make sink
  4. to suppress; to stifle; to neglect
  5. to be neglected
  6. to indulge in; to be given to
  7. to hide; to be hidden
  8. heavy; weighty
  9. dark; gloomy
  10. deep; profound
  11. long (duration); prolonged; lengthy
  12. deeply; profoundly

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chim, sim) (hangeul , , revised chim, sim, McCune-Reischauer ch'im, sim, Yale chim, sim)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trầm, tròm, chằm, chìm, đắm, đẫm, ngằm, ngầm, trằm, đẵm)

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