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U+5FF1, 忱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FF1

[U+5FF0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FF2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 心中月山 (PLBU), four-corner 94012, composition)

  1. truth, sincerity
  2. sincere

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 378, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10382
  • Dae Jaweon: page 706, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2278, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5FF1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
忱-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lu, *lum
*lu, *ʔl'uːmʔ, *loʔ
*lus
*lus
*ʔl'uːm
*ʔl'uːm, *ʔl'uːmʔ, *l'uːm
*ʔl'uːm
*ʔl'uːm
*ʔl'uːmʔ
*ʔl'uːmʔ
*ʔl'uːmʔ
*ʔl'uːms
*l'uːmʔ
*ʔl'oːmʔ
*zlum, *l'um
*l'um, *l'ums, *hljumʔ
*l'um
*l'um, *ʔljumʔ, *ʔljums
*l'um
*l'um
*l'ums
*ɦljum, *ɦljumʔ
*ɦljum
*hljumʔ
*hljumʔ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑim/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑim/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəm/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t.ɢ][u]m/
English sincere

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15265
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljum/
Notes

Noun[edit]

  1. sincerity; honesty; sincere feeling

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chim) (hangeul , revised chim, McCune-Reischauer ch'im, Yale chim)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

‎(Pinyin chén (chen2), Wade-Giles ch'en2)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.