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U+6C88, 沈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C88

[U+6C87]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C89]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
沈-oracle.svg 沈-bronze.svg 沈-silk.svg 沈-bigseal.svg 沈-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lu, *lum
*lu, *ʔl'uːmʔ, *loʔ
*lus
*lus
*ʔl'uːm
*ʔl'uːm, *ʔl'uːmʔ, *l'uːm
*ʔl'uːm
*ʔl'uːm
*ʔl'uːmʔ
*ʔl'uːmʔ
*ʔl'uːmʔ
*ʔl'uːms
*l'uːmʔ
*ʔl'oːmʔ
*zlum, *l'um
*l'um, *l'ums, *hljumʔ
*l'um
*l'um, *ʔljumʔ, *ʔljums
*l'um
*l'um
*l'ums
*ɦljum, *ɦljumʔ
*ɦljum
*hljumʔ
*hljumʔ

沈, meaning "to sink", is pronounced shen. 沈 is also a simplification of , meaning "juice" or "liquid".

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 水中月山 (ELBU), four-corner 34112, composition)

  1. sink, submerge
  2. addicted to
  3. used as a surname
  4. juice, liquid, water, leak, pour
  5. profound, deep

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 610, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17189
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1002, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1572, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6C88

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (26)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕimX/
Li
Rong
/ɕiəmX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shěn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 5/5
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shěn
Middle
Chinese
‹ syimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s.t][ə]mʔ/
English (name of a state)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 15267
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljumʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. Shen, a state during the Zhou dynasty and located in modern-day Henan

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. sink
  2. be submerged
  3. subside
  4. be depressed
  5. aloes

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chim, sim) (hangeul , , revised chim, im, McCune-Reischauer ch'im, sim, Yale chim, sim)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.