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U+540D, 名
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-540D

[U+540C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+540E]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes
Stroke order
名-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈口 (NIR), four-corner 27600, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 175, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3297
  • Dae Jaweon: page 391, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 582, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+540D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
名-oracle.svg 名-bronze.svg 名-seal.svg 名-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (crescent moon) +  (mouth) — to say one's own name to identify oneself in the dark.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-miŋ (name). Cognate with Tibetan མིང (ming) and Burmese အမည် (a.many).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ming4 - literary;
  • meng4(-2) - vernacular.
  • Gan
  • Note: min4 in 名堂.
    Note:
    • miâ - vernacular;
    • bêng - literary.
    Note:
    • mian5 - vernacular;
    • mêng5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /miŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /miŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /miŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /miŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /miŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /miŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /miŋ²⁴/
    Xining /miə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /miŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /mĩn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /miŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /min²¹³/
    Chengdu /min³¹/
    Guiyang /min²¹/
    Kunming /mĩ¹/
    Nanjing /min²⁴/
    Hefei /min⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /miəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /miŋ¹³/
    /mi¹³/ 名字
    Hohhot /mĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /miŋ²³/
    Suzhou /min¹³/
    Hangzhou /min²¹³/
    Wenzhou /meŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /miʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /mɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /min¹³/
    Xiangtan /mian¹²/
    /min¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /miɑŋ⁴⁵/
    /min⁴⁵/ ~堂
    Hakka Meixian /miaŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /miɑŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /meŋ²¹/
    /mɛŋ³⁵/
    Nanning /mɛŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /miŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /biŋ³⁵/
    /mia³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /miaŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /miaŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /miã⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /meŋ³¹/
    /mia³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /miᴇŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miɛŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miæŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /miajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /miɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭɛŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯ɛŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    míng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    míng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjieng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.meŋ/
    English name

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9178
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*meŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. name
    2. given name
      Coordinate term: (xìng)
    3. reputation; fame
        ―  yǒumíng  ―  famous
    4. famous; reputable
        ―  míngpái  ―  having a good brand name; a brand name product
    5. (grammar) Short for 名詞名词 (míngcí, “noun”).
    6. (grammar) Short for 專有名詞专有名词 (zhuānyǒu míngcí, “proper noun”).
    7. (archaic, mathematics, arithmetic) sign
    8. (Min Dong) to be called
      什乇 [Min Dong, trad. and simp.]
      Ĭ miàng sié-nó̤h? / [i⁵⁵ miaŋ⁵³ sie²¹³⁻⁵³ nˡɔʔ²⁴] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]
      What's his/her name?
    9. to describe; to give details of
    10. Classifier for place in a competition or position in a name list.
    11. Classifier for people with a certain status or identity.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *na (compare Okinawan (なー, naa)).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    () (na

    1. name
      ()(つら)ねる
      na o tsuraneru
      put one's name on (a list)
      ()ばかりの
      na bakari no
      in name only
      • 2013 July 20, “(あん)(こく)(かい)()() ズール [Zure, Knight of the Dark World]”, in ハーフデッキ (やみ) [Half-Deck: DARK], Konami:
        (あん)(こく)(かい)でその()()らぬ(もの)はいない、(ほこ)(たか)()()(けっ)して(よわ)(もの)()(くだ)(こと)はない。
        Ankokukai de sono na o shiranu mono wa inai, hokoritakaki kishi. Kesshite yowaki mono ni te o kudasu koto wa nai.
        Everyone in the Dark World knows the name of this illustrious knight. He never oppresses the commoners.
    2. reputation
      ()(ひび)いている
      na ga hibiite iru
      be famous
      ()()がる
      na ga agaru
      become famous
      ()()げる/(あらわ)す/()す/()
      na o ageru/arawasu/nasu/uru
      become famous, make one's name
      • Usage note: 名を上げる differs from 名が上がる in that the subject purposefully did something to make themselves famous.
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    めい
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC miᴇŋ, “name”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (めい) (-mei

    1. counter word for people, persons

    Noun[edit]

    (めい) (mei

    1. name

    Prefix[edit]

    (めい) (mei-

    1. famous, great, noted

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 이름 (ireum myeong))

    1. Hanja form? of (name).

    Compounds[edit]


    Kunigami[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana なー, rōmaji )

    1. name

    Miyako[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana なー, rōmaji )

    1. name

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    なー
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana なー, rōmaji )

    1. name

    References[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: danh[1][2][3][4][5]
    : Nôm readings: ranh[1][2][3][6], danh[1][2][4][7], rành[1], quanh[2], dinh[2], gianh[2]

    1. Hán tự form of danh (famous; well-known).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Yaeyama[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana なー, rōmaji )

    1. name

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana なー, rōmaji )

    1. name

    References[edit]

    • なー【名】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

    Zhuang[edit]

    Pronoun[edit]

    1. Sawndip form of mwngz