Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
名-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈口 (NIR), four-corner 27600, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 175, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3297
  • Dae Jaweon: page 391, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 582, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+540D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
名-oracle.svg 名-bronze.svg 名-bigseal.svg 名-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(crescent) +  ‎(mouth) — to say one's own name to identify oneself in the dark.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-miŋ.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /miŋ³⁵/
Harbin /miŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /miŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /miŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /miŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /miŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /miŋ²⁴/
Xining /miə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /miŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /mĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /miŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /min²¹³/
Chengdu /min³¹/
Guiyang /min²¹/
Kunming /mĩ¹/
Nanjing /min²⁴/
Hefei /min⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /miəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /miŋ¹³/
/mi¹³/ 名字
Hohhot /mĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /miŋ²³/
Suzhou /min¹³/
Hangzhou /min²¹³/
Wenzhou /meŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /miʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /mɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /min¹³/
Xiangtan /mian¹²/
/min¹²/
Gan Nanchang /miɑŋ⁴⁵/
/min⁴⁵/ ~堂
Hakka Meixian /miaŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /miɑŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /meŋ²¹/
/mɛŋ³⁵/
Nanning /mɛŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /miŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /biŋ³⁵/
/mia³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /miaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /miaŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /miã⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /meŋ³¹/
/mia³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/miɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/miæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miajŋ/
Li
Rong
/miɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/mĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
míng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjieng ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.meŋ/
English name

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9178
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*meŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. name
    接待就是他們權柄儿女 [MSC, trad.]
    接待就是他们权柄儿女 [MSC, simp.]
    From: John 1.12
    Fán jiēdài tā de, jiùshì xìn tā míng de rén, tā jiù cì tāmen quánbǐng, zuò Shén de érnǚ. [Pinyin]
    But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name.
  2. given name
  3. reputation
      ―  yǒumíng  ―  famous
      ―  míngpái  ―  having a good brand name; a brand name product
  4. (grammar) Abbreviation of 名詞名词 (míngcí, “noun”).
  5. (grammar) Abbreviation of 專有名詞专有名词 (zhuānyǒu míngcí, “proper noun”).

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • New Nelson: 716
  • Halpern: 2169
  • Halpern Learners: 1371
  • Heisig: 44
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3d3.12
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji na)

  1. name
     () (つら)ねる
    na o tsuraneru
    put one's name on (a list)
     ()ばかりの
    na bakari no
    in name only
  2. reputation
     () (ひび)いている
    na ga hibiite iru
    be famous
     () ()がる
    na ga agaru
    become famous
     () ()げる/ (あらわ)す/ ()す/ ()
    na o ageru/arawasu/nasu/uru
    become famous, make one's name
    • Usage note: 名を上げる differs from 名が上がる in that the subject purposefully did something to make himself famous.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
めい
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(mjieng, name).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana めい, romaji -mei)

  1. counter word for people, persons

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana めい, romaji mei)

  1. name

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana めい, romaji mei-)

  1. famous, great, noted

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(myeong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: myŏng, Yale: myeng)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(danh, ranh, thành)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.