Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: and
U+5099, 備
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5099

[U+5098]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+509A]
備 U+2F809, 備
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F809
偺
[U+2F808]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 僧
[U+2F80A]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional

Simplified

Japanese

Korean

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人廿竹月 (OTHB), four-corner 24227, composition𤰇 (GT) or ⿰ (JK))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 113, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 967
  • Dae Jaweon: page 241, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 200, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5099

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
備-oracle.svg 備-bronze.svg 備-silk.svg 備-slip.svg 備-ancient.svg 備-seal.svg 備-bigseal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*brɯːɡs
*brɯːɡs
*brɯɡs
*brɯɡs
*brɯɡs, *baːɡs, *bɯɡ
*brɯɡs
*brɯɡs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *brɯɡs): semantic  + phonetic 𤰈.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠiɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/biɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bjiH/
Li
Rong
/bjiH/
Wang
Li
/biH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ bijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]rək-s/
English complete (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 426
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*brɯɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to prepare
  2. to provide
  3. to put in order
  4. to complete perfection
  5. completeness

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. equip, provision

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The printed form of this character typically differs from its handwritten form, with the latter nearly matching the Traditional Chinese form.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bị, bẹ, bợ, vựa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.