匈奴

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Chinese[edit]

Hungary; thorax; chest slave
simp. and trad.
(匈奴)
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匈奴

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (32) (8)
Final () (7) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨoŋ/ /nuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/hioŋ/ /nuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/xioŋ/ /no/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/huawŋ/ /nɔ/
Li
Rong
/xioŋ/ /no/
Wang
Li
/xĭwoŋ/ /nu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯woŋ/ /nuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiōng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nu ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁa/
English slave

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13890 9600
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰoŋ/ /*naː/
Notes

Proper noun[edit]

匈奴

  1. Xiongnu (a confederation of Central Asian tribes who lived on the steppes north of China during ancient times)

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょう
Hyōgaiji

Grade: S
on’yomi

Proper noun[edit]

匈奴 (hiragana きょうど, rōmaji Kyōdo)

  1. The Xiongnu peoples, the Huns


Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: S
Irregular

Proper noun[edit]

匈奴 (katakana フンヌ, rōmaji Funnu, alternative reading フン, rōmaji Fun)

  1. Hun