Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B57
Code point U+5B57
Entity number 字
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B56] [U+5B58]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
字-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

字-bronze.svg 字-bigseal.svg 字-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(roof) + phonetic  ‎(child)

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十弓木 (JND), four-corner 30407, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 277, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6942
  • Dae Jaweon: page 545, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1010, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B57

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

English Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia en

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsa ~ za. Cognate to its phonetic component .

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (字), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 疾置切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɨH/ /d͡zʱiH/ /d͡ziəH/ /d͡zɨH/ /d͡zɨH/ /d͡zĭəH/ /d͡zieH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dziH › /*mə-dzə(ʔ)-s/ breed, love (v.); character

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17864 0 /*zlɯs/ 子分化字

Verb[edit]

(obsolete)

  1. to give birth to
  2. to be pregnant
  3. to bring up, to raise (a child)
  4. to love
  5. to educate, to teach
  6. to govern

Noun[edit]

(classifier )

  1. Chinese character; hanzi
    這個怎麼 [MSC, trad.]
    这个怎么 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhège zěnme niàn? [Pinyin]
    How do you pronounce/read this character?
  2. word
  3. style of handwriting; printing type
    費勁 [MSC, trad.]
    费劲 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ dú zhè fēng xìn hěn fèijìn, tā de hěn chā. [Pinyin]
    I have some trouble reading the letter. His handwriting is very bad.
  4. letter; symbol; character
      ―    ―  letter
      ―  chuàn  ―  character string
  5. (historical) Chinese style name; courtesy name (a name traditionally given to Chinese males at the age of 20; also called 表字))
  6. (regional, Cantonese) five minutes (on the clock)
    而家十一 [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.]
    而家十一 [Guangzhou Cantonese, simp.]
    Ji4 gaa1 hai6 jat1 dim2 sap6 jat1 go3 zi6 . [Jyutping]
    It's five to two now. (Literally: It's one o'clock [and] eleven five-minutes.)
    / [Guangzhou Cantonese]  ―  zaang1 saam1 go3 zi6 dou3 luk6 dim2 [Jyutping]  ―  a quarter to six (Literally: Missing three five-minutes to six o'clock)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chinese people usually count what they say in characters/syllables. E.g. 知道 ‎(wǒ bù zhīdào) has three words but four characters

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (字):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 十字 (じゅうじ, jūji): cross
  • 字解 (じかい, jikai)
  • 字義 (じぎ, jigi): the meaning of a word
  • 字源 (じげん, jigen): the construction of a character
  • 字体 (じたい, jitai): font or lettering
  • 字典 (じてん, jiten): character dictionary
  • 字母 (じぼ, jibo): letter (of the alphabet)
  • 漢字 (かんじ, kanji): Chinese characters
    漢字返し (kanji-gaeshi) kanji repeater
  • 文字 (もじ, moji): letter, character, or ideograph
  • 字引 (じびき, jibiki): dictionary
  • 数字 (すうじ, sūji): numeral or number
  • 字訳

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
on'yomi

Borrowed from Middle Chinese 字 with the southern pronunciation (kango, Go-on).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ji)

  1. a letter, character
    この () (なん) ()みますか?
    kono ji wa nan to yomimasuka?
    How do you pronounce this character?
  2. handwriting
    彼女 (かのじょ) ()上手 (うま)い。
    kanojo wa ji ga umai.
    She has good handwriting.

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. letters, characters
    40字以内 (よんじゅうじいない) ()いてください。
    yon jū ji inai de kaite kudasai.
    Please write it down in 40 letters or fewer.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
あざ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Shortened form of あざな azana "a section of a village" of ancient Japanese origin (wago).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あざ, romaji aza)

  1. a section of a village
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ja)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: cha)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tự, chữ, tợ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển, Hà Nội, 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999

Compounds[edit]