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See also:
U+5538, 唸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5538

[U+5537]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5539]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口人戈心 (ROIP), four-corner 68032, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 194, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3773
  • Dae Jaweon: page 414, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 644, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5538

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rnɯːmʔ, *nɯːmʔ, *hnjɯmʔ
*tɯːms, *tɯːns
*tɯːms, *nɯːb
*klɯːms, *n̥ʰɯːms
*hnjɯmʔ
*njɯːm
*njɯmʔ
*njɯmʔ
*nɯːb
*nɯːb
*nɯːb
*nɯːb, *sens
*nɯːb, *nɯːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tɯːms, *tɯːns): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *nɯːms, to read).

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to read aloud; to chant”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeom, jeon) (hangeul , , revised jeom, jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏm, chŏn)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nếm, điếm, điệm, niệm)

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