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See also:
U+8AD7, 諗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8AD7

[U+8AD6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8AD8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜口人戈心 (YROIP), four-corner 08632, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1169, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35660
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1634, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3989, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8AD7

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rnɯːmʔ, *nɯːmʔ, *hnjɯmʔ
*tɯːms, *tɯːns
*tɯːms, *nɯːb
*klɯːms, *n̥ʰɯːms
*hnjɯmʔ
*njɯːm
*njɯmʔ
*njɯmʔ
*nɯːb
*nɯːb
*nɯːb
*nɯːb, *sens
*nɯːb, *nɯːd

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Probably a Kra-Dai substrate word. Compare Zhuang naemj (to think). This root occurs in several Zhuang dialects and Mien, and in Liuzhou Mandarin nɐn⁵⁴.

Bai (1980) associates this word with (“to think”).

Bauer (1996) argues the direction of borrowing of this word is not certain, and it is just as likely that Zhuang and/or Mien borrowed it from Cantonese as the other way round. This root does not seem to occur in the Tibeto-Burman languages.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) to think; to ponder
  2. (Cantonese) to think; to guess; to reckon
    你哋唔記得 [Cantonese, trad.]
    你哋唔记得 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Ngo5 nam2 nei5 dei6 dou1 m4 gei3 dak1 gaa3 laa3. [Jyutping]
    I think you don't remember.
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕimX/
Li
Rong
/ɕiəmX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shěn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shěn
Middle
Chinese
‹ syimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥imʔ/
English remonstrate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9494
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hnjɯmʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to exhort; to reprimand
  2. to long for
  3. to know; to understand thoroughly
  4. to inform

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𩐭.
(This character, , is a variant form of 𩐭.)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (sim))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: thẩm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]