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U+814D, 腍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-814D

[U+814C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+814E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 月人戈心 (BOIP), four-corner 78232, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 986, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29619
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1439, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2089, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+814D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms Pron. 2
Pron. 2
Pron. 2
Pron. 2
Pron. 2

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rnɯːmʔ, *nɯːmʔ, *hnjɯmʔ
*tɯːms, *tɯːns
*tɯːms, *nɯːb
*klɯːms, *n̥ʰɯːms
*hnjɯmʔ
*njɯːm
*njɯmʔ
*njɯmʔ
*nɯːb
*nɯːb
*nɯːb
*nɯːb, *sens
*nɯːb, *nɯːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njɯmʔ): semantic  (flesh; meat) + phonetic  (OC *nɯːms).

Etymology[edit]

“cooked; delicious”
Possibly related to the similar-shaped *nVm word family for “soft” (Schuessler, 2007); see (OC *njɯmʔ, “soft; weak”). Also compare (OC *njɯːm, “ripe”).
(Cantonese, Hakka) soft; cooked; ripe”
Possibly borrowed from one or several substrate languages; cf. Zhuang naemz (soft; pulpy; thoroughly cooked), Thai นุ่ม (nûm, soft) (Lian, 2001). Perhaps related to the above.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵimX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiəmX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rěn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9498
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯmʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (rèn, “cooked”).
  2. delicious; tasty
  3. full (having eaten one's fill)

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, Hakka, Pinghua, Liuzhou Mandarin) soft; tender
    牛腩 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    Di1 ngau4 naam5 man1 dou3 hou2 nam4. [Jyutping]
    The beef brisket has been simmered until it is really tender.
  2. (Cantonese) mushy; soggy; soft
    春卷 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    Di1 ceon1 gyun2 nam4 saai3 laa3. [Jyutping]
    The spring rolls have become soggy.
  3. (Cantonese, of a person) kind; good-natured
  4. (Pinghua, of a person) physically weak

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. beautiful