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See also:
U+6B38, 欸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B38

[U+6B37]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B39]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 76, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈大弓人 (IKNO), four-corner 27482, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 568, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16090
  • Dae Jaweon: page 956, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2140, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6B38

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms (ê/ei series) interjection

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰlɯː, *qɯː, *qrɯː, *qrɯːʔ
*qlɯː
*qɯː, *qʰrɯːs
*qɯː, *qʰlɯ
*qlɯːʔ, *qrɯː, *qrɯːʔ
*ŋrɯːʔ, *sɢrɯʔ
*sɢrɯʔ, *ɡlɯl
*sɢrɯʔ
*sɢrɯʔ
*qʰlɯ
*ɢlɯʔ

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (41) (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʌi/ /ʔʌiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔəi/ /ʔəiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɒi/ /ʔɒiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəj/ /ʔəjX/
Li
Rong
/ʔᴀi/ /ʔᴀiX/
Wang
Li
/ɒi/ /ɒiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɑ̆i/ /ʔɑ̆iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
āi ǎi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14935
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to scold loudly
  2. Alternative form of (āi, “interjection of agreement or sigh”).

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 欸乃 (ǎinǎi, “an onomatopoeia”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. An interjection calling attention.
    告訴一個秘密 [MSC, trad.]
    告诉一个秘密 [MSC, simp.]
    Ê̄, wǒ gàosu nǐ yī gè mìmì. [Pinyin]
    Hey, let me tell you a secret.

Pronunciation 4[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. An interjection expressing surprise.
    怎麼 / 怎么  ―  , tā zěnme zǒu le!  ―  Why, he's gone!

Pronunciation 5[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. An interjection expressing disapproval.
    不能這麼 [MSC, trad.]
    不能这么 [MSC, simp.]
    Ê̌, huà kě bùnéng zhème shuō! [Pinyin]
    Huh, you can't say that!

Pronunciation 6[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. An interjection expressing agreement or promise.
    明天準時 / 明天准时  ―  , wǒ míngtiān zhǔnshí lái!  ―  All right, I'll arrive on time tomorrow!

Pronunciation 7[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (32)
Final () (33)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hᵚæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/həɨjH/
Li
Rong
/xɛiH/
Wang
Li
/xɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiè
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14943
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰrɯːs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (xiè, “angry sound”).

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): あい (ai); かい (kai)
  • Kun: なげく (nageku)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (ae))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: ái

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]