Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+57C3, 埃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57C3

[U+57C2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57C4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 土戈人大 (GIOK), four-corner 43134, composition)

See also[edit]

  • Chinese Numeral

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 229, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5107
  • Dae Jaweon: page 465, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 447, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+57C3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰlɯː, *qɯː, *qrɯː, *qrɯːʔ
*qlɯː
*qɯː, *qʰrɯːs
*qɯː, *qʰlɯ
*qlɯːʔ, *qrɯː, *qrɯːʔ
*ŋrɯːʔ, *sɢrɯʔ
*sɢrɯʔ, *ɡlɯl
*sɢrɯʔ
*sɢrɯʔ
*qʰlɯ
*ɢlɯʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qlɯː): semantic  (earth; soil) + phonetic  (OC *ɢlɯʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • ai - literary;
  • ia - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 2e - usual pronunciation;
    • 2i - in 埃及.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (41)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔəi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔəj/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    āi
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    āi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qˤə/
    English dust

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14933
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qlɯː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. fine dust, dirt
      /   ―  chénāi  ―  dust
    2. angstrom
    3. one billionth, the number 10-10
    4. (a phonetic component)
        ―  Āi  ―  Egypt
      塞俄比亞 / 塞俄比亚  ―  Āisài'ébǐyà  ―  Abyssinia
      蘇維 / 苏维  ―  sūwéiāi  ―  soviet
    5. Short for 埃及 (Āijí, “Egypt”).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana あい, rōmaji ai)

    1. one billionth

    (hiragana ほこり, rōmaji hokori)

    1. dust

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ae) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ae)

    1. fine dust, dirt

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ai)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.