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See also: oh, OH, óh, öh, он, and өн
U+C560, 애
HANGUL SYLLABLE AE
Composition: +

[U+C55F]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C561]

Korean[edit]





아 ←→ 야

Etymology 1[edit]

See 아이 (ai), of which it is a contraction.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɛ(ː)] ~ [e̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ae
McCune–Reischauer?ae
Yale Romanization?āy

Noun[edit]

(ae)

  1. Colloquial form of 아이 (ai, child; kid).
    생기면 결혼해야지.Ae saenggimyeon gyeolhonhaeyaji.If we get a kid, we'll have to marry.
  2. (colloquial, sometimes slightly derogatory) guy, person (usually rather young)
    Synonyms: 사람 (saram), (polite) (bun)
    일본 Ilbon ae-deulJapanese people
Usage notes[edit]
  • In colloquial Korean, this word is the source of most third-person human pronouns. See below.
Related terms[edit]
  • (gyae, he/she/it; close to the listener or not present at all)
  • 걔네 (gyaene, they; not present in the conversation)
  • (yae, he/she/it; close to the speaker)
  • 얘네 (yaene, they; close to the speaker)
  • (jae, he/she/it; distant from the speaker and the listener)
  • 쟤네 (jaene, they; distant from the speaker and the listener)

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean 애〯 (Yale: ǎy), the original meaning being "internal organs". The original sense has been displaced by Sinitic 창자 (changja), 내장(內臟) (naejang), and the word survives only in certain expressions.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɛ(ː)] ~ [e̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ae
McCune–Reischauer?ae
Yale Romanization?āy

Noun[edit]

(ae)

  1. (idiomatic) anxiety; impatience
    때문 탄다
    neo ttaemun-e ae-ga tanda
    You make me so anxious.
    (literally, “My insides burn because of you.”)
  2. (idiomatic) trouble; effort
    마무리하려고 쓴다.
    Ir-eul mamuriharyeogo ae-sseunda.
    He makes an effort to finish the work.
    (literally, “He uses his inner organs to finish his work.”)
  3. (obsolete, original sense) internal organs, especially the intestines

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (love).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɛ(ː)] ~ [e̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ae
McCune–Reischauer?ae
Yale Romanization?āy

Noun[edit]

(ae) (hanja )

  1. (formal) love
    Synonym: (more common) 사랑 (sarang)
  2. (Buddhism) taṇhā or "craving", one of the pratītyasamutpāda, the source of human unhappiness

Suffix[edit]

—애 (-ae) (hanja )

  1. -philia

Etymology 4[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(ae)

Extended content
  1. : love
    (eumhun reading: 사랑 (sarang ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔʌiH))
  2. : riverside
    (eumhun reading: 물가 (mulga ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋˠiᴇ, ŋˠɛ))
  3. : sad
    (eumhun reading: 슬플 (seulpeul ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔʌi))
  4. : obstruct
    (eumhun reading: 거리낄 (georikkil ae))
    (MC reading: )
  5. : cliff
    (eumhun reading: 낭떠러지 (nangtteoreoji ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋˠiᴇ, ŋˠɛ))
  6. : narrow
    (eumhun reading: 좁을 (jobeul ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔˠɛH))
  7. : dust
    (eumhun reading: 티끌 (tikkeul ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔʌi))
  8. : mugwort
    (eumhun reading: (ssuk ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑiH, ŋɨɐiH))
  9. : hill
    (eumhun reading: 언덕 (eondeok ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋˠɛ))
  10. : haze
    (eumhun reading: 아지랑이 (ajirang'i ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑiH, ʔɑt̚))
  11. : dim
    (eumhun reading: 희미할 (huimihal ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑiH, ʔʌiH))

Middle Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Semantically, compare Chinese (cháng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

애〯 (ǎy)

  1. the inner organs, in particular:
    1. the intestines, the guts
      Synonym: 챠ᇰᄌᆞ (chyangco)
    2. the gall bladder
      Synonym: ᄡᅳᆯ게 (psulkey)
    3. (possibly) the liver (only attested in early Early Modern Korean)
      Synonym: (kan)
  2. (in figurative expressions) anxiety, impatience
  3. (in figurative expressions) trouble; effort

Descendants[edit]

  • Korean: (ae)