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See also: oh, OH, óh, öh, он, and өн
U+C560, 애
HANGUL SYLLABLE AE
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:d-o

[U+C55F]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C561]

Korean[edit]





아 ←→ 야

Etymology 1[edit]

See 아이 (ai), of which it is a contraction.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɛ(ː)] ~ [e̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ae
McCune–Reischauer?ae
Yale Romanization?āy

Noun[edit]

(ae)

  1. Colloquial form of 아이 (ai, child; kid).
    생기면 결혼해야지.Ae saenggimyeon gyeolhonhaeyaji.If we get a kid, we'll have to marry.
  2. (colloquial, sometimes slightly derogatory) guy, person (usually rather young)
    Synonyms: 사람 (saram), (polite) (bun)
    일본 Ilbon aedeulJapanese people
Usage forms[edit]
  • In colloquial Korean, this word is the source of most third-person human pronouns. See below.
Related terms[edit]
  • (gyae, he/she/it; close to the listener or not present at all)
  • 걔네 (gyaene, they; not present in the conversation)
  • (yae, he/she/it; close to the speaker)
  • 얘네 (yaene, they; close to the speaker)
  • (jyae, he/she/it; distant from the speaker and the listener)
  • 쟤네 (jyaene, they; distant from the speaker and the listener)

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean 애〯 (Yale: ǎy), the original meaning being "internal organs". The original sense has been displaced by Sinitic 창자 (changja), 내장(內臟) (naejang), and the word survives only in certain expressions.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɛ(ː)] ~ [e̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ae
McCune–Reischauer?ae
Yale Romanization?āy

Noun[edit]

(ae)

  1. (idiomatic) anxiety; impatience
    때문 탄다
    neo ttaemune aega tanda
    You make me so anxious.
    (literally, “My insides burn because of you.”)
  2. (idiomatic) trouble; effort
    마무리하려고 쓴다.
    Ireul mamuriharyeogo aesseunda.
    He makes an effort to finish the work.
    (literally, “He uses his inner organs to finish his work.”)
  3. (obsolete, original sense) internal organs, especially the intestines

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (love).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɛ(ː)] ~ [e̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ae
McCune–Reischauer?ae
Yale Romanization?āy

Noun[edit]

(ae) (hanja )

  1. (formal) love
    Synonym: (more common) 사랑 (sarang)
  2. (Buddhism) taṇhā or "craving", one of the pratītyasamutpāda, the source of human unhappiness

Suffix[edit]

—애 (-ae) (hanja )

  1. -philia

Etymology 4[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(ae)

Extended content
  1. : love
    (eumhun reading: 사랑 (sarang ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔʌiH))
  2. : riverside
    (eumhun reading: 물가 (mulga ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋˠiᴇ, ŋˠɛ))
  3. : sad
    (eumhun reading: 슬플 (seulpeul ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔʌi))
  4. : obstruct
    (eumhun reading: 거리낄 (georikkil ae))
    (MC reading: )
  5. : cliff
    (eumhun reading: 낭떠러지 (nangtteoreoji ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋˠiᴇ, ŋˠɛ))
  6. : narrow
    (eumhun reading: 좁을 (jobeul ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔˠɛH))
  7. : dust
    (eumhun reading: 티끌 (tikkeul ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔʌi))
  8. : mugwort
    (eumhun reading: (ssuk ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑiH, ŋɨɐiH))
  9. : hill
    (eumhun reading: 언덕 (eondeok ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋˠɛ))
  10. : haze
    (eumhun reading: 아지랑이 (ajirang-i ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑiH, ʔɑt̚))
  11. : dim
    (eumhun reading: 희미할 (huimihal ae))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑiH, ʔʌiH))

Middle Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Semantically, compare Chinese (cháng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

애〯 (ǎy)

  1. the inner organs, in particular:
    1. the intestines, the guts
      Synonym: 챠ᇰᄌᆞ (chyangco)
    2. the gall bladder
      Synonym: ᄡᅳᆯ게 (psulkey)
    3. (possibly) the liver (only attested in early Early Modern Korean)
      Synonym: (kan)
  2. (in figurative expressions) anxiety, impatience
  3. (in figurative expressions) trouble; effort

Descendants[edit]

  • Korean: (ae)