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U+827E, 艾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-827E

[U+827D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+827F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +2, 8 strokes, cangjie input 廿大 (TK) or X廿大 (XTK), four-corner 44400, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1017, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30648
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1475, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3172, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+827E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːds, *ŋads
*ŋaːds, *ŋads
*hŋaːds
*ŋads
*ŋads

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaːds, *ŋads): semantic  (grass) + phonetic  (OC *ŋads).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • ngié - vernacular;
  • ngái - literary.
Note:
  • hiāⁿ - vernacular;
  • gāi/ngāi - literary;
  • ài - limited.
Note:
  • hian7 - vernacular;
  • ngai6 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (25)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋajH/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑiH/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ài
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngajH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋˤa[t]-s/
English Artemisia; moxa

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14953
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. mugwort, especially Chinese mugwort (Artemisia argyi)
  2. green
  3. pale; greyish white
  4. beautiful lady
  5. elderly person
  6. to end; to stop
  7. to nurture; to foster
  8. (historical) an ancient place in modern-day Xiushui County, Jiangxi
  9. (historical) a mountain in modern-day Xintai, Shandong
  10. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 艾滋病 (àizībìng).

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (27)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨajH/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɐiH/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɐiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
y-
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14958
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋads/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “to mow; to harvest; to chop; to exterminate; sickle”).
  2. Alternative form of (, “to govern; to control; to pacify; to admonish”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
もぐさ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もぐさ, rōmaji mogusa)

  1. mugwort
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
よもぎ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana よもぎ, rōmaji yomogi)

  1. mugwort

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ae, ye) (hangeul , , revised ae, ye, McCune-Reischauer ae, ye, Yale ay, yey)

  1. () moxa, mugwort

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngải, nghệ, nghễ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.