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U+827E, 艾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-827E

[U+827D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+827F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +2, 8 strokes, cangjie input 廿大 (TK) or X廿大 (XTK), four-corner 44400, composition)

  1. artemisia, mugwort
  2. used in transliteration
  3. a Chinese surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1017, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30648
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1475, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3172, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+827E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːds, *ŋads
*ŋaːds, *ŋads
*hŋaːds
*ŋads
*ŋads

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ai⁵¹/
Harbin /ai⁵³/
Tianjin /nai⁵³/
Jinan /ŋɛ²¹/
Qingdao /ɣɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ai³¹²/
Xi'an /ŋai⁴⁴/
Xining /nɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /ɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /ŋai²¹³/
Wuhan /ai³⁵/
Chengdu /ŋai¹³/
Guiyang /ŋai²¹³/
/ai²¹³/
Kunming /æ²¹²/
Nanjing /ae⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʐe̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɣai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ŋæ³⁵/
Hohhot /ŋɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /e⁵³/
Suzhou /ŋe̞¹³/
Hangzhou /ŋe̞¹³/
Wenzhou /ŋe²²/
Hui Shexian /ŋa²²/
Tunxi /ŋa¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ŋai⁵⁵/
/ŋai¹¹/
Xiangtan /ŋai²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ŋai²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ne⁵³/
Taoyuan /oi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋai²²/
Nanning /ŋai²²/
Hong Kong /ŋai²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gai²²/
/hiã²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋiɛ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋuɛ⁴⁴/
/ŋai⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiã³¹/
/ŋãi³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ai³⁵/
/ŋia²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (31) (31)
Final () (25) (27)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑiH/ /ŋɨɐiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑiH/ /ŋiɐiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑiH/ /ŋiɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋajH/ /ŋɨajH/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑiH/ /ŋiɐiH/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑiH/ /ŋĭɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑiH/ /ŋi̯ɐiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ài y-
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ài
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngajH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋˤa[t]-s/
English Artemisia; moxa

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 14953 14958
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːds/ /*ŋads/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
もぐさ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もぐさ, romaji mogusa)

  1. mugwort
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
よもぎ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana よもぎ, romaji yomogi)

  1. mugwort

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ae, ye) (hangeul , , revised ae, ye, McCune-Reischauer ae, ye, Yale ay, yey)

  1. () moxa, mugwort

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngải, nghệ, nghễ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.