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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰaːd, *daːd):  + .

Note that inner component is not – these are not cognate, and there is an extra stroke in 達 (two horizontal strokes at the bottom, not one).

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜土廿手 (YGTQ), four-corner 34304, composition𦍒)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1262, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39011
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1755, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3855, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9054

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ta³⁵/
Harbin /ta²⁴/
Tianjin /tɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ta⁴²/
Qingdao /ta⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ta⁴²/
Xi'an /ta²⁴/
Xining /ta²⁴/
Yinchuan /ta¹³/
Lanzhou /ta⁵³/
/tʰa⁵³/
Ürümqi /ta⁵¹/
Wuhan /ta²¹³/
Chengdu /ta³¹/
Guiyang /ta²¹/
Kunming /ta̠³¹/
Nanjing /tɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /tɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /taʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /tʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /taʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /daʔ¹/
Suzhou /daʔ³/
Hangzhou /dɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /da²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tʰa²²/
Tunxi /tɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ta²⁴/
Xiangtan /tɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /tʰaʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /tʰat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʰɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tat̚²/
Nanning /tat̚²²/
Hong Kong /tat̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tat̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /taʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tuɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdak̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (6)
Final: (63)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ta
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰat̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/ /tʰɑt̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (7)
Final: (63)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dá
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/dɑt̚/ /dɑt̚/ /dɑt̚/ /dat̚/ /dɑt̚/ /dɑt̚/ /dʱɑt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dat › /*[l]ˤat/ arrive at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1923 1 /*tʰaːd/
1929 1 /*daːd/

Verb[edit]

  1. to arrive at; to reach; to achieve

Adjective[edit]

  1. intelligent
  2. smooth, slippery

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana たち, romaji -tachi)

  1. Plural marker
    子供達 (こどもたち)
    kodomo-tachi
    children

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Note that 達 only clarifies that the number of people in question is more than one. It could be omitted when the plurality is already clear by context or not cared. The plurality marked with 達 is not syntactic one. 達 is normally used only for people.

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dal) (hangeul , revised dal, McCune-Reischauer tal, Yale tal)

  1. (통할 달, tonghal-) to reach, pass through

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đạt, đác, đặt, đật, đợt, thớt)

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