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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *praːɡ): semantic  ‎(person) + phonetic  ‎(OC *braːɡ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人竹日 (OHA), four-corner 26200, composition)

  1. older brother
  2. father's elder brother
  3. senior male 'sire'
  4. feudal rank: count, earl
  5. Brazil

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 96, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 466
  • Dae Jaweon: page 204, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 136, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4F2F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (113)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/paɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/pɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/pɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pæk ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤrak/
English father’s elder brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 193
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*praːɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. (archaic) eldest brother
  2. father's elder brother
  3. form of address for senior males
  4. count (rank)
    五等爵位

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Old Chinese children of a same father are referred to in order as 伯 (1st), 仲 (2nd), 叔 (3rd) and 季 (4th). The usage of 仲 and 季 was later eliminated but 伯 and 叔 remained in use of referring to elder and younger male relatives. Besides, to use 伯仲叔季 in personal names was a common practice in the past, and this is still occasionally seen nowadays.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はく, romaji haku)

  1. count, earl
  2. eldest brother, eldest uncle
  3. chief official
  4. (abbreviation) Brazil

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(baek, pae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: baek, pae, McCune-Reischauer: paek, p'ae)
  1. ( 백, mat-): eldest (elder) brother
  2. (우두머리 백, udumeori-): chief, chieftain, feudal rank count, earl (abolished in the late 14th century)

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, bác)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]