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U+AE38, 길
HANGUL SYLLABLE GIL
Composition: + +

[U+AE37]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AE39]


긿

긔 ←→ 까

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Early Modern Korean 긿 (kilh), from Middle Korean 긿〮 (kílh), probably ultimately from Old Korean 道尸 (*KIl). The Middle Korean /-h/ may be the remnant of an ancient place-related suffix; see Appendix:Middle Korean h-final nouns.

In the Hangul script, first attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 긿〮 (Yale: kílh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gil
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gil
McCune–Reischauer?kil
Yale Romanization?kil
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 에 /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.

Noun[edit]

숲속 (supsog-ui gil, a road through the forest).

(gil)

  1. (also figuratively) a road, a path, a street, a track; passage, thoroughfare
    아직 멀고 험하다.
    Ajik-do gal gir-i meolgo heom-hada.
    There's still a long and treacherous road ahead.
    독신 택하였다.
    Geu-neun doksin-ui gir-eul taek-hayeotda.
    He chose the path of celibacy.
  2. a way, (on) the way; a route/course (e.g. an airway or sea route)
    잃고 숲속 헤맸다.
    Geu-neun gir-eul ilko supsog-eul hemaetda.
    He got lost and wandered about the woods.
    (literally, “He lost his way and wandered about the woods.”)
    돌아오는 잠깐 들렀어. (casual)
    Doraoneun gir-e jamkkan deulleosseo.
    [I] stopped by on the way back.
  3. (figuratively) the road (to)..., the path (to)...
    민주화 험하 험했다.
    Minjuhwa-ui gir-eun heom-ha-di heom-haetda.
    The road to democracy was not easy.
    변호사 걷고 있다.
    Geu-neun byeonhosa-ui gir-eul geotgo itda.
    He is on the path to become a lawyer.
  4. (figuratively) a way, a means, a method to/of achieving something
    Synonym: 방도(方道) (bangdo)
    그것 성공 유일한 이다.
    Geugeos-i seonggong-ui yuil-han girida.
    That's the only way to success.
    마음 없구나.
    Neo-ui ma'eum-eul al gir-i eopguna.
    I have no way of reading your mind.
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (jil)dialectal
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
  • (do), (ro), hanjas for "road; path"

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 질〮 (Yale: cíl).

Was subject to hypercorrection by Seoul speakers to avoid the /ki/ > /t͡ɕi/ palatalization in southern dialects, producing Early Modern Korean (kil); 김치 (gimchi) and 기와 (giwa) are two other well-known examples of this phenomenon. Non-standard dialects commonly preserve the original form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gil
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gil
McCune–Reischauer?kil
Yale Romanization?kil

Noun[edit]

(gil)

  1. (of animals) training; domestication
    들어서 듣는다.
    Geu gae-neun gir-i jal deureoseo mar-eul jal deunneunda.
    The dog is obedient because it was well-trained.
    (literally, “The dog is obedient because training has well entered it.”)
  2. (of tools, etc.) breaking in; wear
    신발이라 아직 들었다.
    Gat san sae sinbar-ira ajik gir-i an deureotda.
    Having just bought these shoes, they haven't been broken in yet.
    (literally, “Having just bought these shoes, breaking in hasn't entered them yet.”)
  3. (less common) familiarity; skill
Usage notes[edit]
  • Used chiefly with the verb 들다 (deulda, to enter) and sometimes with the verb 나다 (nada, to arise).
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (jil)dialectal
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 길〯 (Yale: kǐl), related to 길〯다〮 (Yale: kǐl-tá, “to be long”).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ki(ː)ɭ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gil
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gil
McCune–Reischauer?kil
Yale Romanization?kīl

Counter[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 길 (단위) on Korean Wikipedia

(gil)

  1. a gil, a traditional Korean unit of measurement
    1. the gil, a traditional Korean unit of length equal to 8 or 10 Korean foot ( (ja)), equivalent to approximately 2.4 m and 3 m respectively
    2. the gil, a traditional Korean unit of length equal to the height of a person; a fathom
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ki(ː)ɭ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gil
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gil
McCune–Reischauer?kil
Yale Romanization?kīl

Noun[edit]

저고리 (jeogori-ui gil, the gil labelled in a diagram of a jeogori).

(gil)

  1. (clothing) the gil, the large body section of the upper garment in traditional clothing such as the 저고리 (jeogori) or 두루마기 (durumagi)

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?Gil
Revised Romanization (translit.)?Gil
McCune–Reischauer?Kil
Yale Romanization?kil

Proper noun[edit]

(Gil) (hanja )

  1. a surname

Root[edit]

(gil) (hanja )

  1. Root of 길(吉)하다 (gilhada, to be auspicious). Rarely used alone.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

See the main entries.

Verb[edit]

(gil)

  1. irrealis adnominal form of 길다 (gilda, to be long; to grow long)
  2. irrealis adnominal form of 기다 (gida, to crawl)

Etymology 7[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(gil)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC kiɪt̚))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡˠiɪt̚))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC ket̚))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡˠiɪt̚))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC kiɪt̚, ket̚))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰiɪt̚))

References[edit]

  1. ^ Samuel E. Martin (1992) A Reference Grammar of Korean: A Complete Guide to the Grammar and History of the Korean Language, first edition, Charles E. Tuttle Publishing Co., Inc., →ISBN, page 87

Middle Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

길〯 (kǐl)

  1. a gil, a traditional Korean unit of measurement
Descendants[edit]
  • Korean: (gil)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

길〮 (kíl)

  1. Isolated form spelling of 긿〮 (kílh, road)