들다

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 들다 (tulta).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “How have the various (quite disparate) senses evolved? Was this several words that converged phonologically, or one word that expanded semantically?”

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[tɯɭda̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? deulda
Revised Romanization (translit.)? deulda
McCune–Reischauer? tŭlda
Yale Romanization? tulta

Verb[edit]

들다 (deulda) (infinitive 들어, sequential 드니)

  1. (inside from outside) to come in; to get in; to enter
  2. (light or water) to come in; to get in; to enter
  3. to move to; to get in; to stay
  4. to get on; to take (a certain road.)
  5. (to a place to sleep) to get into
  6. to cost; be spent; be used; be poured; be invested (money, effort, etc.)
    지하철을 타는 데 천원이 들었다.
    Jihacheoreul taneun de cheonwoni deureotda.
    It cost [me] a thousand Won to ride the subway.
    Note that the subject is the cost, not the spending entity.
  7. (color, flavor, or moisture) to get in; to permeate; to saturate with
  8. to reach; be in; to come in
    계약서에 들어 있습니다.
    Gyeyakseo-e deureo itseumnida.
    It's in the contract.
  9. to enter, to infiltrate, be drawn to; be attracted to
    마음에 들다ma-eume deuldato like, to be likeable (literally, to enter one’s heart/one’s mind)
  10. to join an organization
  11. (auxiliary verb) to actively strive to do
  12. to stop raining
    날이 들었다.
    Nari deureotda.
    It stopped raining.
  13. to grow older; to age
    나이가 들면 지혜가 생긴다.
    Naiga deulmyeon jihyega saengginda.
    With aging comes wisdom.
  14. to hold; to carry
  15. to raise; to lift
    선생님이 정답을 아는 학생을 부탁하셔서 손을 들었다.
    Seonsaengnimi jeongdabeul aneun haksaeng-eul butakhasyeoseo soneul deureotda.
    The teacher asked for a student who knows the answer, so (I) raised (my) hand.
  16. (honorific) to eat; to drink
    맛있게 드세요
    maditge deuseyo
    Bon appetit (literally, eat tastefully)

Conjugation[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from National Institute of Korean Language's Korean-English Learners' Dictionary, on which all materials are distributed and can be used according to the Creative Commons Attribution - Share Alike License. [1] .