들다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as 들다 (Yale: tulta).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “How have the various (quite disparate) senses evolved? Was this several words that converged phonologically, or one word that expanded semantically?”

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key)[tɯɭda̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? deulda
Revised Romanization (translit.)? deulda
McCune–Reischauer? tŭlda
Yale Romanization? tulta

Verb[edit]

들다 (deulda) (infinitive 들어, sequential 드니)

  1. to enter, to infiltrate
    마음에 들다ma-eume deuldato like, to be likeable (literally, to enter one’s heart/one’s mind)
  2. to cost (money, effort, etc.)
    지하철을 타는 데 천원이 들었다.
    Jihacheol-eul taneun de cheonwon-i deureotda.
    It cost [me] a thousand Won to ride the subway.
    Note that the subject is the cost, not the spending entity.
  3. to join an organization
  4. (auxiliary verb) to actively strive to do
  5. to stop raining
    날이 들었다.
    Nal-i deureotda.
    It stopped raining.
  6. to grow older; to age
    나이가 들면 지혜가 생긴다.
    Nai-ga deulmyeon jihye-ga saengginda.
    With aging comes wisdom.
  7. to hold; to carry
  8. to raise; to lift
    선생님이 정답을 아는 학생을 부탁하셔서 손을 들었다.
    Seonsaengnim-i jeongdap-eul aneun haksaeng-eul butakhasyeoseo son-eul deureotda.
    The teacher asked for a student who knows the answer, so (I) raised (my) hand.
  9. (honorific) to eat; to drink
    맛있게 드세요
    masitge deuseyo
    Bon appetit (literally, eat tastefully)

Conjugation[edit]