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See also: 말하다
U+B9D0, 말
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:a-k-f

Hangul Syllables


리 ←→ 매

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (mol) (mostly obsolete)

Etymology 1[edit]

First recorded in the Yongbi eocheonga, 1447, as 말.


  • IPA(key)[ma̠ːɭ]
  • Phonetic Hangul[:]
Revised Romanization? mal
Revised Romanization (translit.)? mal
McCune–Reischauer? mal
Yale Romanization? māl

Etymology 2[edit]

Of native Korean origin.



  1. word, speech, language
    을 주의하여 들어봐.
    Nae mareul juuihayeo deureobwa.
    Listen to me carefully.
Derived terms[edit]
  • 낱말 (nanmal, “a single word”)
  • 한국말 (han-gungmal, “the Korean language”)
  • 말씀 (malsseum, “(honorific) word”)
  • 말하다 (malhada, “to say, speak, talk”)

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

First recorded in the Yongbi eocheonga, 1447, as 𨥬.

Probably related to Japanese (uma).

The ma sound denoting "horse" is common to a number of languages of central Asia, where horses were first domesticated, suggesting a possible cognate root. Compare Manchu ᠮᠣᡵᡳᠨ (morin, horse), Mongolian морь (morʹ, horse), Mandarin (, horse), and Proto-Indo-European *márkos (horse) and descendants such as Irish marc (horse, archaic) or English mare (female horse). More at *márkos.


  • IPA(key)[ma̠ɭ]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? mal
Revised Romanization (translit.)? mal
McCune–Reischauer? mal
Yale Romanization? mal


(mal) (counter 마리)

  1. horse
  2. sawhorse
  3. checker, checkerman
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “How is this "related" to a Chinese term with complete different phonetics? Also, what relation to the Japanese term (masu, unit of measure for volume)? Many KO hanja readings ending in -l correspond to JA kanji readings ending variously in -shi, -chi, -tsu, and -su, opening the possibility of a KO mal <-> JA masu phonetic match. Lastly, is the prefix sense of great really from this same origin? How do the semantics work out for measure to also mean great? Perhaps this sense has a separate derivation? → Notably, Japanese (uma) is also used as a prefix to mean "great, large", suggesting that the similar sense here belongs to the 馬 etymology above.”

Native Korean related to Sino-Korean



  1. measure (containing about 18 liters or 10 doe ())
  2. a unit of measure (about 18 liters)
  3. (prefix): great, e.g., 말, 말개미, 말잠자리
See also[edit]
  • (doe): 1/10 mal
  • (hop): 1/100 mal
  • (jak): 1/1000 mal

Etymology 5[edit]

Short form of 말뚝



  1. stake
    • 1461: 은 말히라 (楞嚴經諺解 (활자본) 8:85)

Etymology 6[edit]

First recorded in the Hunmong jahoe, 1527, as 𨥬.



  1. an alga or other waterborne cryptogam
  2. seaweed
    1. specifically Potamogeton oxyphyllus.
See also[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (end)


(mal) (hanja )

  1. end