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See also: 말하다


Alternative forms[edit]

  • (mol) (mostly obsolete)

Etymology 1[edit]

릴 ←

맬 →

First recorded in the Yongbi eocheonga, 1447, as 말.


Etymology 2[edit]

Of native Korean origin.



  1. word, speech, language
Derived terms[edit]
  • 낱말 (nanmal, “a single word”)
  • 한국말 (han-gungmal, “Korean speech”)
  • 말씀 (malsseum, “(honorific) word”)
  • 말하다 (malhada, “to say, speak, talk”)

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

First recorded in the Yongbi eocheonga, 1447, as 𨥬.

Probably related to Japanese ‎(uma).

The ma sound denoting "horse" is common to a number of languages of central Asia, where horses were first domesticated, suggesting a possible cognate root. Compare Manchu ᠮᠣᡵᡳᠨ ‎(morin, horse), Mongol морь ‎(morj, horse), Mandarin ‎(, horse), and Proto-Indo-European *márkos ‎(horse) and descendants such as Irish marc ‎(horse, archaic) or English mare ‎(female horse). More at *márkos.



‎(mal) ‎(counter 마리)

  1. horse
  2. sawhorse
  3. checker, checkerman
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Native Korean related to Sino-Korean



  1. measure (containing about 18 liters or 10 doe ())
  2. a unit of measure (about 18 liters)
  3. (prefix): great, e.g., 말, 말개미, 말잠자리
See also[edit]
  • ‎(doe) (doe) 1/10 mal
  • ‎(hop) (hob) 1/100 mal
  • ‎(jak) (jag) 1/1000 mal

Etymology 5[edit]

Short form of 말뚝



  1. stake
    • 1461: 은 말히라 (楞嚴經諺解 (활자본) 8:85)

Etymology 6[edit]

First recorded in the Hunmong jahoe, 1527, as 𨥬.



  1. an alga or other waterborne cryptogam
  2. seaweed
    1. specifically Potamogeton oxyphyllus.
See also[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Sino-Korean word from ‎(end)


‎(mal) ‎(hanja )

  1. end