말씀

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 말ᄊᆞᆷ (Yale: malssom). Perhaps a combination word of (mal) + (sum)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈma̠ːɭs͈ɯm]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [ː]
Revised Romanization? malsseum
Revised Romanization (translit.)? malsseum
McCune–Reischauer? malssŭm
Yale Romanization? mālssum

South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 말씀 / 말씀 / 말씀

Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the second syllable, and also heightens the subsequent suffixed syllable.

Noun[edit]

말씀 (malsseum)

  1. (honorific) word or speech
    • Korean Bible, 요한복음 (John) 1:1
      태초말씀계시니라, 이 말씀하나님함께 계셨으니, 이 말씀 하나님이시니라.
      Taecho-e malsseumi gyesinira, i malsseumi hananimgwa hamkke gyesyeosseuni, i malsseumeun got hananimisinira.
      In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

Related terms[edit]

  • (mal, “word, speech, language”)
  • 낱말 (nanmal, “word”)
  • 말씀하다 (malsseumhada, “to speak, to say”)