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Stroke order
ㄹ (rieul) stroke order.png


Alternative forms[edit]

  • For suffix, after consonant: (eul, “eul”)

Etymology 1[edit]

The traditional account* holds that the form of ㄹ l is the outline of the tongue, 舌 [] 之形, but does not specify what this means. Gari Ledyard proposes that it was a graphic simplification of Phagspa l, ultimately from Tibetanl, though the iconic considerations of the traditional account may have determined the form that this simplification took.

* Hunmin Jeongeum Haerye "Explanations and Examples of the Proper Sounds for the Instruction of the People" (1446), defining and explaining the script now known as 한글 (Hangeul, Great script, Korean script) in South Korea and 조선글 (joseon'geul, Korean script) in North Korea.




  1. 리을 (rieul, “rieul”), a letter of the Korean writing system, hangeul; the alveolar flap or approximant (IPA(key): [ɾ], [l])
Usage notes[edit]

In the North Korean order, it is the fourth jamo. In the South Korean order, it is the sixth.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]


Inflectional suffix[edit]


  1. that will; who will
    (suffix forming future determiner)
    친구에게 선물chin-guege jul seonmul ― the gift that I will give to my friend
  2. that; who
    (suffix forming determiner without tense)
Usage notes[edit]

- (l) is appended to the sequential form. Similar to a future participle, the future determiner indicates that the referent of the following substantive will perform the action described by the verb to which (l) is attached:

  • 가다 (gada, “to go”): (gani, “ga-”) + (l): (gal, “who will go; that sb will go to/at/by...”)
  • 묻다 (mutda, “to inquire”): 물으 (mureuni, “mureu-”) + (l): 물을 (mureul, “who will inquire; that sb will inquire”)
  • 날다 (nalda, “to fly”): 니/ (nani/nalmyeon, “na-/nal-”) + (l): (nal, “that will fly”)

The suffix -ㄹ (-l) is frequently used along with several dependent nouns, such as (geot, “thing”) and (ttae, “time”), for grammatical purposes. It can either denote the future tense, or nothing: