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Stroke order
ㄹ (rieul) stroke order.png


Etymology 1[edit]

The traditional account* holds that the form of ㄹ l is the outline of the tongue, 舌 [] 之形, but does not specify what this means. Gari Ledyard proposes that it was a graphic simplification of Phagspa l, ultimately from Tibetanl, though the iconic considerations of the traditional account may have determined the form that this simplification took.

* Hunmin Jeongeum Haerye "Explanations and Examples of the Proper Sounds for the Instruction of the People" (1446), defining and explaining the script now known as 한글 ‎(Hangeul, Great script, Korean script) in South Korea and 조선글 ‎(joseon'geul, Korean script) in North Korea.




  1. 리을 (rieul, “rieul”), a letter of the Korean writing system, hangeul; the alveolar flap or approximant (IPA(key): [ɾ], [l])
Usage notes[edit]

In the North Korean order, it is the fourth jamo. In the South Korean order, it is the sixth.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]


Inflectional suffix[edit]


  1. that will; who will
    (suffix forming future determiner)
    친구에게 선물chin-guege jul seonmul ― the gift that I will give to my friend
  2. that; who
    (suffix forming determiner without tense)
Usage notes[edit]

- (l) is appended to the sequential form. Similar to a future participle, the future determiner indicates that the referent of the following substantive will perform the action described by the verb to which (l) is attached:

  • 가다 (gada, “to go”): (gani, “ga-”) + (l): (gal, “who will go; that sb will go to/at/by...”)
  • 묻다 (mutda, “to inquire”): 물으 (mureuni, “mureu-”) + (l): 물을 (mureul, “who will inquire; that sb will inquire”)
  • 날다 (nalda, “to fly”): 니/ (nani/nalmyeon, “na-/nal-”) + (l): (nal, “that will fly”)

The suffix -ㄹ (-l) is frequently used along with several dependent nouns, such as (geot, “thing”) and (ttae, “time”), for grammatical purposes. It can either denote the future tense, or nothing: