- 1 Korean
- 1.1 Etymology 1
- 1.2 Etymology 2
- 1.3 Etymology 3
- 1.4 Etymology 4
- 1.5 Etymology 5
Gari Ledyard proposes that ㄴ (n) was derived from ㄷ (d) by removing its top stroke. The traditional account* holds that its form is that of the outline of the tongue in contact with the hard palate (presumably in profile), 舌附上腭之形, and Ledyard feels this consideration may have determined the final forms of ㄷ and ㄴ.
* Hunmin Jeongeum Haerye “Explanations and Examples of the Proper Sounds for the Instruction of the People” (1446), defining and explaining the script now known as 한글 (han-geul, “Great script, Korean script”) in South Korea and 조선글 (joseon-geul, “Korean script”) in North Korea.
ㄴ • (n)
In the North Korean order, ㄴ (n) is the second jamo. In the South Korean order, it is the third.
- Previous jamo: (South Korea) ㄲ (kk), (North Korea) ㄱ (g)
- Next jamo: ㄷ (d)
- Other nasals in Hangeul: ㅁ (m), ㅇ (ng)
- Other coronal consonants in Hangeul: ㄷ (d), ㄹ (r), ㅌ (t), ㄸ (tt)
- ㄷ (d) (in traditional account)
ㄴ • (n)
ㄴ • (-n-)
- a present tense suffix
The suffix ㄴ (-n-) is directly attached to the stem of a verb ending in a vowel or the consonant ㄹ (l), which drops out.
- -는- (-neun-)
- -는 (-neun)
ㄴ • (-n)
- a past tense suffix making a verb a determiner.
- a present tense suffix making an adjective a determiner.
The suffix ㄴ (-n) is appended to the sequential form. If the stem ends in the consonant ㄹ (l), it drops out.
- E.g. 새벽 하늘이 아름답다. (아름다우니) (Saebyeok haneuri areumdapda. (areumdauni), “The sky at daybreak is beautiful.”) → 아름다운 새벽 하늘 (areumdaun saebyeok haneul, “the beautiful sky at daybreak”)
- 는 (neun): present tense marker for a verb.
- 던 (deon): retrospect past tense marker
- ㄹ (l): future tense marker
Contraction of 너라 (neora).
ㄴ • (-n)
- a plain style imperative ending used only for 오다 (oda, “to come”); usually told to babies and pets, offering friendlier and softer sense.
- 너라 (neora)