L

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Appendix:Variations of "l", l [U+006C LATIN SMALL LETTER L], [U+3134 HANGUL LETTER NIEUN], and [U+2113 SCRIPT SMALL L]
LetterL.svg
L U+004C, L
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER L
K
[U+004B]
Basic Latin M
[U+004D]
U+216C.svg
U+216C, Ⅼ
ROMAN NUMERAL FIFTY

[U+216B]
Number Forms
[U+216D]
U+FF2C, L
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER L

[U+FF2B]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF2D]
𝕷 U+1D577, 𝕷
MATHEMATICAL BOLD FRAKTUR CAPITAL L
𝕶
[U+1D576]
Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols 𝕸
[U+1D578]

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From the Etruscan letter 𐌋 (l, el), from the Ancient Greek letter Λ (L, lambda), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤋(l, lamed), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓌅.

Letter[edit]

L (lower case l)

  1. The twelfth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also[edit]

Numeral[edit]

L

  1. Roman numeral fifty (50)
  2. the fiftieth (50th)

Symbol[edit]

L

  1. (measurement, SI) liter, litre.
  2. (biochemistry, IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation) leucine
  3. (set theory) Constructible universe
  4. (computer science) Deterministic logarithmic space
  5. (physics) inductance
  6. (astronomy, physics, measurement, cgs) lambert
  7. (linguistics) low tone
  8. (linguistics) A wildcard for a lateral or liquid consonant
  9. (Voice Quality Symbols) position of the larynx (modified for raised, lowered)
  10. (usually clothing) large (the manufactured size)

Synonyms[edit]

  • (liter, litre): l, ,
  • (Roman numeral): (obsolete)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Other representations of L:


English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter) IPA(key): /ɛl/
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /l/
  • (main allophones) IPA(key): [l], [ɫ]
  • (file)
(file)

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l, plural Ls or L's)

  1. The twelfth letter of the English alphabet, called el and written in the Latin script.
See also[edit]

Number[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The ordinal number twelfth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called el and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation.

Noun[edit]

L

  1. (sports) The statistic for the number of losses by a team or player limited by some criteria (e.g. this season, at home, on turf).
  2. Alternative spelling of el (elevated train)
    • 1925 February 21, "Co-operation" (cartoon), The New Yorker, page 2,
      PLEASE! HELP US KEEP THE "L" AND SUBWAY CLEAN
  3. (US, politics) Abbreviation of Libertarian.
  4. Initialism of left.
  5. Initialism of Latin.
  6. (usually clothing, singular only) Initialism of large (the manufactured size or an item of that size).
  7. Initialism of lira.
  8. Initialism of loss.
  9. Initialism of lobby.
  10. Abbreviation of low pressure front.
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

L (not comparable)

  1. (usually clothing) Initialism of large (of the manufactured size).
  2. Initialism of left.
  3. (linguistics) Initialism of low (variety of a language with limited prestige and official acceptance).
    an L variety
  4. (slang) Subpar, of inferior quality.
    Antonym: W

Afar[edit]

Letter[edit]

L

  1. The sixteenth letter in the Afar alphabet.

See also[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɛl/

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Afrikaans alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

L (plural L's, diminutive L'etjie)

  1. L

Azerbaijani[edit]

Letter[edit]

L upper case (lower case l)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Basque alphabet, called ele and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Initialism of .

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

L

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, euphemistic) Alternative form of (lan2)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Classifier[edit]

L

  1. (Cantonese) litre

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Letter[edit]

L

  1. The twelfth letter of the Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Letter[edit]

L

  1. The twelfth letter used in Pinyin.
Usage notes[edit]
  • 《汉语拼音方案》 defines a standard pronunciation for each letter. However, these pronunciations are rarely used in education; another pronunciation is commonly used instead.
  • The pronunciation above are only used while referring to letters in Pinyin. They are not used in other context (such as English).
  • The official pronunciation defined in 《汉语拼音方案》, ㄝㄌ (ê̄l), is not a valid syllable in Pinyin.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (capital, lowercase l)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also[edit]

  • Previous: K
  • Next: M

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called lo and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called ell and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called äl or el and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

L

  1. Abbreviation of laudatur.

Galician[edit]

Noun[edit]

L m

  1. Abbreviation of leste (east).

Synonyms[edit]

  • (east): E

German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The twelfth letter of the German alphabet.

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation.

Noun[edit]

L m

  1. Abbreviation of Liter.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈl]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈɛlː]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called ell and written in the Latin script.

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative L L-ek
accusative L-et L-eket
dative L-nek L-eknek
instrumental L-lel L-ekkel
causal-final L-ért L-ekért
translative L-lé L-ekké
terminative L-ig L-ekig
essive-formal L-ként L-ekként
essive-modal
inessive L-ben L-ekben
superessive L-en L-eken
adessive L-nél L-eknél
illative L-be L-ekbe
sublative L-re L-ekre
allative L-hez L-ekhez
elative L-ből L-ekből
delative L-ről L-ekről
ablative L-től L-ektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
L-é L-eké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
L-éi L-ekéi
Possessive forms of L
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. L-em L-jeim
2nd person sing. L-ed L-jeid
3rd person sing. L-je L-jei
1st person plural L-ünk L-jeink
2nd person plural L-etek L-jeitek
3rd person plural L-jük L-jeik

See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (lower case l)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L f or m (invariable, upper case, lower case l)

  1. The tenth letter of the Italian alphabet, called elle and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Letter[edit]

L

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called el and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L

  1. The twelfth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Nupe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Polish alphabet, called el and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • L in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • L in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Romani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. (International Standard) The sixteenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The seventeenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called el, le, or and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Saanich[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Skolt Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (lower case l)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (capital, lowercase l)

  1. The 13th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by K and followed by M.

Somali[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L upper case (lower case l)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Somali alphabet, called laan and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by K and followed by M.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. the 12th letter of the Spanish alphabet

Turkish[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called le and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔɛ˧˧ ləː˨˩], [ləː˨˩ kaːw˧˧], [ləː˨˩]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɛ˧˧ ləː˦˩], [ləː˦˩ kaːw˧˧], [ləː˦˩]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʔɛ˧˧ ləː˨˩], [ləː˨˩ kaːw˧˧], [ləː˨˩]
  • Phonetic: e lờ, lờ cao, lờ

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called e-lờ, lờ cao, or lờ and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called el and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by J and followed by Ll.

Mutation[edit]

  • L cannot be mutated in Welsh.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), chapter L, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yoruba[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Letter[edit]

L (upper case, lower case l)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]