V

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: v, ٧, and Appendix:Variations of "v"

V U+0056, V
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER V
U
[U+0055]
Basic Latin W
[U+0057]

U+2164, Ⅴ
ROMAN NUMERAL FIVE

[U+2163]
Number Forms
[U+2165]
U+FF36, V
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER V

[U+FF35]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF37]

Ѵ U+0474, Ѵ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IZHITSA
ѳ
[U+0473]
Cyrillic ѵ
[U+0475]
𝖁 U+1D581, 𝖁
MATHEMATICAL BOLD FRAKTUR CAPITAL V
𝖀
[U+1D580]
Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols 𝖂
[U+1D582]

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

  • v (numeral)
  • V. (numeral, ordinal)

Etymology[edit]

From the Etruscan letter 𐌖 (u, u), from the Ancient Greek letter Υ (U, ypsilon), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤅(w, waw), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓏲.

Letter[edit]

V (lower case v)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also[edit]

Numeral[edit]

V

  1. The Roman numeral for 5.
  2. (especially in the names of aristocracy) the fifth.

Symbol[edit]

V

  1. The volt in the International System of Units.
  2. (chemistry) Symbol for vanadium.
  3. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for valine
  4. (geometry) volume
  5. (set theory) Von Neumann universe
  6. (music) major dominant triad
  7. (linguistics) A wildcard for a vowel
  8. (Voice Quality Symbols) voice (modified for the kind of voice: 'nasal voice', 'harsh voice', etc.)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Other representations of V:

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /viː/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iː

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v, plural Vs or V's)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the English alphabet, called vee and written in the Latin script.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

V (plural Vs or V's)

a V of migrating geese
  1. (organic chemistry) The resin identification code for polyvinyl chloride, also PVC.
  2. (grammar) Abbreviation of vocative case.
  3. (linguistics) Abbreviation of verb.
  4. (euphemistic) Vagina.
  5. Abbreviation of vowel.
  6. Abbreviation of velocity.
  7. Anything shaped like a V; synonym: vee.
    1. A flying skein of geese which have placed themselves in a V-shaped formation.

Derived terms[edit]

(velocity):

Preposition[edit]

V

  1. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of over, prefix over-.

Symbol[edit]

V

  1. (titular) Viscount
  2. (titular) Viscountess

References[edit]

  • The New Penguin Dictionary of Abbreviations: from A to zz, Rosalind Fergusson. (Penguin Books, 2000), page 390/1

Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /fɪə/

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Afrikaans alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

V (plural V's, diminutive V'tjie)

  1. V

Azerbaijani[edit]

Letter[edit]

V upper case (lower case v)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Basque alphabet, called uve and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also[edit]

Central Franconian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • /v/ is from West Germanic stem-internal *b and *f; from stem-initial *f around Aachen and in the Netherlands.
  • For the origin of /f/, see F. For the origin of /ʋ/, see W.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • /v/, (German-based also) /f/, /ʋ/

Letter[edit]

V

  1. A letter in the German-based alphabet of Central Franconian.
  2. A letter in the Dutch-based alphabet of Central Franconian.

Usage notes[edit]

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English volt.

Pronunciation[edit]

Classifier[edit]

V

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, electricity) volt (unit of voltage)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: fi1 - Hong Kong only.
Note: Often realised as 1vi.
Letter[edit]

V

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Letter[edit]

V

  1. The twenty-second letter used in Pinyin.
Usage notes[edit]
  • 《汉语拼音方案》 defines a standard pronunciation for each letter. However, these pronunciations are rarely used in education, and another pronunciation is commonly used instead. In the case of V, 《汉语拼音方案》 defines its pronunciation as ㄪㄝ, using the initial ( /v/), which is obsolete in standard Mandarin. This is one of the only instances of the letter being used in standard Pinyin.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (capital, lowercase v)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: U
  • Next letter: W

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called vo and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on Swedish, German and Latin. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and V for development of the glyph itself.

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Finnish alphabet, called vee and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

For the origin of the letter, see v.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /faʊ̯/
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /f/, /v/ (see etymology section)

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the German alphabet.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈv]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈveː]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative V V-k
accusative V-t V-ket
dative V-nek V-knek
instrumental V-vel V-kkel
causal-final V-ért V-kért
translative V-vé V-kké
terminative V-ig V-kig
essive-formal V-ként V-kként
essive-modal
inessive V-ben V-kben
superessive V-n V-ken
adessive V-nél V-knél
illative V-be V-kbe
sublative V-re V-kre
allative V-hez V-khez
elative V-ből V-kből
delative V-ről V-kről
ablative V-től V-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
V-é V-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
V-éi V-kéi
Possessive forms of V
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. V-m V-im
2nd person sing. V-d V-id
3rd person sing. V-je V-i
1st person plural V-nk V-ink
2nd person plural V-tek V-itek
3rd person plural V-jük V-ik

See also[edit]

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (lower case v)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

V f or m (invariable, upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Italian alphabet, called vu or vi and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ V in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology[edit]

From English victory.

Noun[edit]

V(ブイ) (bui

  1. victory in championship

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Letter[edit]

V

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [vi]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [v]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [f]

Letter[edit]

V

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

V

  1. Nonstandard spelling of Ü.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Hanyu Pinyin, the letter v is unused, except for the official pronunciation of the letter V. However, the ease of typing into a computer means that it is sometimes used in place of Ü.

Norwegian[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case V, lower case v)

  1. the 22th letter of the Norwegian alphabet

Usage notes[edit]

In older texts may be replaced by w, u, fu, ffv, fw, ff or fv.

Nupe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Portuguese[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Romani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. (International Standard) The twenty-ninth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The thirtieth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ve or and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Russian[edit]

The V symbol used by the Russian military.
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Derived from восток (vostok, east, eastern Ukraine). Like the Z sign, the V sign was initially used for vehicles targeted towards Kyiv, and later popularised by the Russian government on social media as a rallying symbol.

Pronunciation[edit]

Symbol[edit]

V (lower case v)

  1. the Roman letter V, v
    Synonym: вэ ()
  2. (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought:) (politics) a dogwhistle for supporting the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
    • #силаVправде (hashtag using V by Russian nationalists in support for war against Ukraine)
      #silaVpravde
      "our strength is in truth"

Usage notes[edit]

Russian nationalists replace instances of the Cyrillic letter В (V) with Roman V in some words and usernames.

See also[edit]

Skolt Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (lower case v)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Letter[edit]

V (capital, lowercase v)

  1. The 23rd letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by U and followed by Z.

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. the 23rd letter of the Spanish alphabet

Swedish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

V ? (genitive V:s)

  1. Abbreviation of Vänsterpartiet (Left Party).

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish V. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English V.
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish V.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: V
  • (letter name, Filipino alphabet):
  • (letter name, Abecedario):
  • (phoneme):
  • Rhymes: -i, -e

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v, Baybayin spelling ᜊᜒ)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Filipino alphabet), called vi and written in the Latin script.
  2. (historical) The twenty-fifth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abecedario), called ve and written in the Latin script.
Usage notes[edit]
  • This letter is mostly used only in proper nouns, unadapted loanwords, or Spanish-based spellings.
  • Some purists of Tagalog replace V in words with B.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ve and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called or vờ and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Zulu[edit]

Letter[edit]

V (upper case, lower case v)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]