Ä

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Ä U+00C4, Ä
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH DIAERESIS
Composition:A [U+0041] + ◌̈ [U+0308]
Ã
[U+00C3]
Latin-1 Supplement Å
[U+00C5]

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Letter[edit]

Ä (lower case ä), composition ⿱¨A

  1. The letter A with a diaeresis.
  2. The letter A with an umlaut.

See also[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Letter[edit]

Ä (upper case, lower case ä)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called ää and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Swedish Ä and/or its origin, German Ä, in which the umlaut (two dots) were originally a lowercase e, first placed to the side and later on top of a/A to signify fronting of the vowel via Germanic umlaut.

Letter[edit]

Ä (upper case, lower case ä)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Finnish alphabet, called ää and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ä (lowercase)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German æ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛː/, /ˌaː ˈʊmlaʊ̯t/ (letter name)
    • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ɛ/ (short phoneme)
  • IPA(key): /ɛː/, [ɛː], [eː] (long phoneme)
    • The distinction between long /ɛː/ and /eː/ is maintained in some regions, including Switzerland and most of western Germany. In many other regions the two are merged in normal speech, though speakers may nevertheless distinguish them in individual words and in enunciation.

Letter[edit]

Ä n (strong, genitive Ä or Äs, plural Ä or Äs)

  1. a letter used in German spelling: an umlauted version of A

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ä” in Duden online
  • Ä” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Kalo Finnish Romani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

Ä (upper case, lower case ä)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Kalo Finnish Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kimmo Granqvist (2011), “Aakkoset [Alphabet]”, in Lyhyt Suomen romanikielen kielioppi [Consice grammar of Finnish Romani]‎[1] (in Finnish), Kotimaisten kielten keskus, →ISBN, ISSN 1796-041X, retrieved February 6, 2022, pages 1-2

Luxembourgish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ä (lowercase)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /æ/, [æ] (short phoneme)
  • IPA(key): /eː ~ æː/, [ɛː] (long phoneme)

Letter[edit]

Ä

  1. A letter used in Luxembourgish spelling: an umlauted version of A.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The short vowel [æ] is spelt ä (rather than e) when it occurs as an umlaut in inflections. Otherwise its use is chiefly dependent on the spelling of the German cognate. Ä is used when the German word has one of a, ä, o, ö, thus e.g. Fläsch and Fräsch (German Flasche, Frosch). If no German cognate exists, ä is used when there is a closely related Luxembourgish word with a.
  • The long vowel [ɛː] is always spelt ä. In native Luxembourgish words this sound occurs only before r as an allophone of /eː/. Elsewhere it must be interpreted as a distinct phoneme /æː/, which is restricted to borrowings.

Romani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

Ä (lower case, upper case Ä)

  1. (International Standard) Used to represent a dialectal centralized vowel.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marcel Courthiade (2009), “DECISION : "THE ROMANI ALPHABET"”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 499
  2. ^ Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “ä”, in ニューエクスプレス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, →ISBN, page 16

Skolt Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

Ä (lower case ä)

  1. The thirty-sixth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Turkmen[edit]

Letter[edit]

Ä (lower case ä)

  1. The sixth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]