Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
cognate (not comparable)
- Allied by blood; kindred by birth; specifically (law) related on the mother's side.
- Of the same or a similar nature; of the same family; proceeding from the same stock or root; allied; kindred.
- (linguistics) Descended from the same source lexeme of an ancestor language.
- English mother is cognate with Greek μητέρα (mitéra), German Mutter, Russian мать (matʹ) and Persian مادر (madar).
- In English, queen is cognate with quean, both of which are cognate with Russian жена́ (žená), Icelandic kona and Irish bean.
- English shirt is cognate with English skirt, short, and curt and with German kurz and French court ; all of these are descended from the Proto-Indo-European root *(s)ker-, meaning ‘to cut’.
"Cognate to" is much less common than "cognate with" and not even mentioned in most dictionaries.
derived from the same roots
cognate (plural cognates)
- One of a number of things allied in origin or nature.
- (law, dated) One who is related to another on the female side.
- (law, dated) One who is related to another, both having descended from a common ancestor through legal marriages.
- A word either descended from the same base word of the same ancestor language as the given word, or strongly believed to be a regular reflex of the same reconstructed root of proto-language as the given word.
word derived from the same roots as a given word
- plural of