g

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Appendix:Variations of "g", ց [U+0581 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CO], and ɡ [U+0261 LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G]

Translingual[edit]

Letter g.svg
g U+0067, g
LATIN SMALL LETTER G
f
[U+0066]
Basic Latin h
[U+0068]
U+FF47, g
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER G

[U+FF46]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF48]
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Symbol[edit]

g

  1. Symbol for the gram, an SI unit of mass.
  2. Symbol for gravitational acceleration, approximately 9.81 m/s2 or 32 ft/sec2 at the earth's surface. Distinguished from G.
  3. (IPA) Alternative form of ɡ (voiced velar stop).
  4. (physics) gluon

Translations[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Other representations of G:


English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /dʒiː/
(file)
(file)

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G, plural g's)

  1. The seventh letter of the English alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.
See also[edit]

Number[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The ordinal number seventh, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation.

Noun[edit]

g (countable and uncountable, plural gs)

  1. (physics) A unit of gravitational acceleration.
  2. Abbreviation of gram.
  3. Alternative letter-case form of G (grand: thousand).

Derived terms[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g lower case (upper case G)

  1. The ninth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (physics) A unit of gravitational acceleration.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: f
  • Next letter: h

Noun[edit]

g

  1. (physics) Abbreviation of gram.

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The eighth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called go and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Estonian alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The eighth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡeː/, [ˈɡe̞ː] (name of letter)
  • (file)

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Finnish alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used only in loanwords expect for ng [ŋː].

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

g

  1. (music) G (note)

Usage notes[edit]

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

Declension[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Symbol[edit]

g

  1. (physics) g
  2. (text messaging slang) Abbreviation of j'ai (I have).

Fula[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

See also[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

g

  1. Romanization of 𐌲

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative g g-k
accusative g-t g-ket
dative g-nek g-knek
instrumental g-vel g-kkel
causal-final g-ért g-kért
translative g-vé g-kké
terminative g-ig g-kig
essive-formal g-ként g-kként
essive-modal
inessive g-ben g-kben
superessive g-n g-ken
adessive g-nél g-knél
illative g-be g-kbe
sublative g-re g-kre
allative g-hez g-khez
elative g-ből g-kből
delative g-ről g-kről
ablative g-től g-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
g-é g-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
g-éi g-kéi
Possessive forms of g
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. g-m g-im
2nd person sing. g-d g-id
3rd person sing. g-je g-i
1st person plural g-nk g-ink
2nd person plural g-tek g-itek
3rd person plural g-jük g-ik
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of gramm (gram).

Noun[edit]

g (plural g-ok)

  1. g (a unit of mass equal to one-thousandth of a kilogram)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative g g-ok
accusative g-ot g-okat
dative g-nak g-oknak
instrumental g-mal g-okkal
causal-final g-ért g-okért
translative g-má g-okká
terminative g-ig g-okig
essive-formal g-ként g-okként
essive-modal
inessive g-ban g-okban
superessive g-on g-okon
adessive g-nál g-oknál
illative g-ba g-okba
sublative g-ra g-okra
allative g-hoz g-okhoz
elative g-ból g-okból
delative g-ról g-okról
ablative g-tól g-októl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
g-é g-oké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
g-éi g-okéi
Possessive forms of g
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. g-om g-jaim
2nd person sing. g-od g-jaid
3rd person sing. g-ja g-jai
1st person plural g-unk g-jaink
2nd person plural g-otok g-jaitok
3rd person plural g-juk g-jaik

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /cɛː/

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The ninth letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡ/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɡe/

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /dʒe/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /dʒ/ before 'i'/'e'/'y', as /ʒ/ in the suffix -age, and /ɡ/ elsewhere.

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Interlingua alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: f
  • Next letter: h

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

g m or f (invariable)

  1. See under G

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Letter[edit]

G

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The tenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Livonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Lushootseed[edit]

Letter[edit]

g

  1. The twelfth letter of the Lushootseed alphabet, pronounced as a voiced velar stop.

Malay[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Norwegian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɡeː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɡ/, /k/, /j/, /ʃ/, /ɪ/
  • (file)

Letter[edit]

g

  1. The seventh letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • When g is written before j, they merge together and create the sound of y in you.
  • G is sometimes pronounced like the s in sugar in words of French origin, like genre, due to the fact that Norwegian lacks the voiced palato-alveolar sibilant [ʒ].
  • In eastern and nothern dialects, g at the end of pronouns is pronounced like the y in boy. In western and southern dialects, the g is pronounced like g in great.

Portuguese[edit]

The word for cat in Portuguese is gato, and starts with g.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The ninth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ge, ghe, or and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

See G for pronunciation notes.

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (uppercase) G

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (Cyrillic spelling г)

  1. The 11th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by f and followed by h.

Skolt Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɡ/, [ɣ̞], /x/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ˈxe/

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter name
Phoneme

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Swedish alphabet, called ge and written in the Latin script. Pronounced /ɡ/ in front of a, o, u and å and /j/ in front of e, i, y, ä and ö. Pronounced /ɧ/ in some loan words.

Turkish[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The eighth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ge and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Turkmen[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The eighth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called ge and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ze˧˧], [ɣəː˨˩], [ɣəː˨˩ ʔɗəːn˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [jej˧˧], [ɣəː˦˩], [ɣəː˦˩ ʔɗəːŋ˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [jej˧˧], [ɣəː˨˩], [ɣəː˨˩ ʔɗəːŋ˧˧]
  • Phonetic: giê, gờ, gờ đơn

Letter[edit]

g

  1. The tenth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

g

  1. Contraction of -ương.
    lương → lg
    work pay

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The tenth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called èg and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by ff and followed by ng.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gorsaf orsaf ngorsaf unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “g”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Zulu[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]