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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
瓦-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 98 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一女弓戈 (MVNI), four-corner 10717)

  1. Kangxi radical #98, ‎(tile).

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 747, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21438
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1156, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1421, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+74E6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
瓦-silk.svg 瓦-bigseal.svg 瓦-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – fired earthenware pottery, or a tile.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ua²¹⁴/
Harbin /ua²¹³/
/ua⁵³/
Tianjin /vɑ¹³/
Jinan /va⁵⁵/
Qingdao /va⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ua⁵³/
Xi'an /ua⁵³/
Xining /ua⁵³/
Yinchuan /va⁵³/ ~房
/va¹³/ ~刀
Lanzhou /va⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /va⁵¹/
Wuhan /ua⁴²/
Chengdu /ua⁵³/
Guiyang /ua⁴²/
Kunming /ua̠⁵³/
Nanjing /uɑ²¹²/
Hefei /ua²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /va⁵³/ 磚~
/va⁴⁵/ 泥~匠
Pingyao /uɑ⁵³/ 名詞
/uɑ³⁵/ 動詞
Hohhot /va⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ŋo²³/
Suzhou /ŋo³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔuɑ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ŋo³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ua³⁵/
/ŋa³⁵/
Tunxi /ŋɔ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ua⁴¹/
Xiangtan /uɒ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /uɑ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ŋa³¹/
Taoyuan /ŋɑ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋa²³/
Nanning /ŋa²⁴/
Hong Kong /ŋa¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gua⁵³/
/hia²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ua³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ua⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ua⁵³/
/hia³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hia³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (99)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠuaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋʷᵚaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋuaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋwaɨX/
Li
Rong
/ŋuaX/
Wang
Li
/ŋwaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋwaX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngwæX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋʷˤra[j]ʔ/
English roof tile

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 12601
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋʷraːlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. earthenware; earthenware pottery
  2. tile (roof covering)
  3. (historical) back of shield (arching, as if it is covered by tile)
  4. (historical) amusement park; market
  5. (historical, dialectal) protecting plate of wheel
  6. (music) Alternative term for (, “earth”).
  7. Ancient placename in modern Hua County, Henan.
  8. Short for 瓦特 (wǎtè, “watt”).
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (99)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠuaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋʷᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋuaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋwaɨH/
Li
Rong
/ŋuaH/
Wang
Li
/ŋwaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋwaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 12603
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋʷraːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to tile; to cover with tiles

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

Tiled roof in Dubrovnik-edit.jpg

‎(hiragana かわら, romaji kawara)

  1. roof tiles

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wa) (hangeul , revised wa, McCune-Reischauer wa, Yale wa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngõa, ngói, ngoa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.